On July 10, 2010, the Rosetta ESA/NASA spacecraft successfully flew by the asteroid (21) Lutetia, which becomes the largest asteroid observed by a space probe. The closest approach occurred at 15H45 UTC at a relative speed of 15km/s and a relative distance of 3160 km. The Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) and the Wide Angle Camera (WAC) of the OSIRIS instrument onboard Rosetta acquired images at different phase angles ranging from almost zero to more than 150 degrees. The best spatial resolution (60 m/pixel) allowed to reveal a very complex topography with several features and different crater's surface densities. Spectrophotometric analysis of the data could suggest spatial variations of the albedo and spectral properties at the surface of the asteroid, at least in the northern hemisphere. Numerous sets of data have been obtained at different wavelengths from 270nm to 980nm. We will first present a color-color analysis of data in order to locate landscapes where surface variegation is present. We will also present a more accurate study of spectral properties using the shape model and different statistical methods. Possible variations of the surface spectral properties with the slope of the ground and the gravity field orientation will be discussed as well.

Spatial Variations of Spectral Properties of (21) Lutetia as Observed by OSIRIS/Rosetta

BARBIERI, CESARE;DA DEPPO, VANIA;LA FORGIA, FIORANGELA;LAZZARIN, MONICA;MARCHI, SIMONE;
2010

Abstract

On July 10, 2010, the Rosetta ESA/NASA spacecraft successfully flew by the asteroid (21) Lutetia, which becomes the largest asteroid observed by a space probe. The closest approach occurred at 15H45 UTC at a relative speed of 15km/s and a relative distance of 3160 km. The Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) and the Wide Angle Camera (WAC) of the OSIRIS instrument onboard Rosetta acquired images at different phase angles ranging from almost zero to more than 150 degrees. The best spatial resolution (60 m/pixel) allowed to reveal a very complex topography with several features and different crater's surface densities. Spectrophotometric analysis of the data could suggest spatial variations of the albedo and spectral properties at the surface of the asteroid, at least in the northern hemisphere. Numerous sets of data have been obtained at different wavelengths from 270nm to 980nm. We will first present a color-color analysis of data in order to locate landscapes where surface variegation is present. We will also present a more accurate study of spectral properties using the shape model and different statistical methods. Possible variations of the surface spectral properties with the slope of the ground and the gravity field orientation will be discussed as well.
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2429556
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