Enzyme activities involved in tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine pathway were studied in male New Zealand white rabbits. Activities are expressed both as specific activity and per g of fresh tissue. Liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase activity (TDO), when assayed in either the absence (holoenzyme) or presence of added haematin (apoenzyme), did not change. Therefore, in rabbit, TDO was present only in holoenzyme form. Small intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase was significantly higher than liver TDO. Mitochondrial kynurenine 3-monooxygenase was higher in liver than in kidney. Kynureninase activity was similar in both tissues, whereas kynurenine-oxoglutarate transaminase was markedly higher in kidney than in liver. 3-Hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase and aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase activities were higher in kidney than in liver. However, the former enzyme showed much higher activity than the latter. These findings suggest that, in rabbit, tryptophan is mainly metabolised along the kynurenine pathway although the apo-TDO enzyme is lacking, as high indole 2,3-dioxygenase activity can obviate this lack.

Tryptophan metabolism in rabbits

ALLEGRI, GRAZIELLA;RAGAZZI, EUGENIO;BERTAZZO, ANTONELLA;COSTA, CARLO VIRGILIO LUIGI
2003

Abstract

Enzyme activities involved in tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine pathway were studied in male New Zealand white rabbits. Activities are expressed both as specific activity and per g of fresh tissue. Liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase activity (TDO), when assayed in either the absence (holoenzyme) or presence of added haematin (apoenzyme), did not change. Therefore, in rabbit, TDO was present only in holoenzyme form. Small intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase was significantly higher than liver TDO. Mitochondrial kynurenine 3-monooxygenase was higher in liver than in kidney. Kynureninase activity was similar in both tissues, whereas kynurenine-oxoglutarate transaminase was markedly higher in kidney than in liver. 3-Hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase and aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase activities were higher in kidney than in liver. However, the former enzyme showed much higher activity than the latter. These findings suggest that, in rabbit, tryptophan is mainly metabolised along the kynurenine pathway although the apo-TDO enzyme is lacking, as high indole 2,3-dioxygenase activity can obviate this lack.
Developments in Tryptophan and Serotonin Metabolism
978-1-4613-4939-6
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2457281
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact