The dynamics of a barred galaxy depends on the angular velocity or pattern speed of its bar. Indeed, it is related to the location of corotation where gravitational and centrifugal forces cancel out in the rest frame of the bar. The only direct method for measuring the bar pattern speed is the Tremaine-Weinberg technique. This method is best suited to the analysis of the distribution and kinematics of the stellar component in absence of significant star formation and patchy dust obscuration. Therefore, it has been mostly used for early-type barred galaxies. The main sources of uncertainties on the directly-measured bar pattern speeds are discussed. There are attempts to overcome the selection bias of the current sample of direct measurements by extending the application of the Tremaine-Weinberg method to the gaseous component. Furthermore, there is a variety of indirect methods which are based on the analysis of the gas distribution and kinematics. They have been largely used to measure the bar pattern speed in late-type barred galaxies. Nearly all the bars measured with direct and indirect methods end close to their corotation radius, i.e., they are as rapidly rotating as they can be.

Direct measurements of bar pattern speeds

CORSINI, ENRICO MARIA
2011

Abstract

The dynamics of a barred galaxy depends on the angular velocity or pattern speed of its bar. Indeed, it is related to the location of corotation where gravitational and centrifugal forces cancel out in the rest frame of the bar. The only direct method for measuring the bar pattern speed is the Tremaine-Weinberg technique. This method is best suited to the analysis of the distribution and kinematics of the stellar component in absence of significant star formation and patchy dust obscuration. Therefore, it has been mostly used for early-type barred galaxies. The main sources of uncertainties on the directly-measured bar pattern speeds are discussed. There are attempts to overcome the selection bias of the current sample of direct measurements by extending the application of the Tremaine-Weinberg method to the gaseous component. Furthermore, there is a variety of indirect methods which are based on the analysis of the gas distribution and kinematics. They have been largely used to measure the bar pattern speed in late-type barred galaxies. Nearly all the bars measured with direct and indirect methods end close to their corotation radius, i.e., they are as rapidly rotating as they can be.
2011
TUMBLING, TWISTING AND WINDING GALAXIES: PATTERN SPEEDS ALONG THE HUBBLE SEQUENCE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2527074
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