Background Acute hepatitis E (AHE) is gaining increasing global attention in both developing and developed countries. In many developed countries autochthonous cases are common and related to HEV genotype 3 and 4. In our Department, all patients with acute NA-NC hepatitis, both autochthonous and imported, have been systematically tested for HEV since 1995. Material/methods We reviewed all cases of acute NA-NC hepatitis tested for HEV in the period 1995-2015. For the locally acquired cases identified we reviewed the clinical and laboratory data. Serological analyses had been carried out by means of an ELISA commercial kit for HEV antibodies (IgM and IgG Abbott, USA until 2004, then Dia.Pro, Italy). Total RNA was extracted by serum and stool samples (QIAamp MinElute Virus Spn - QIAGEN, Germany) and HEV RNA was detected by real-time RT-PCR. HEV genotypes were evaluated by sequencing of a fragment of the ORF-2 gene encoding the constitutive protein of the capsid. Results 68 cases of NA-NC were tested for HEV during the period 1995-2015, including 39 in the period 1995-2012 and 29 during 2012-2015. 25 patients tested positive at serology (IgM and IgG) and were confirmed by HEV-RNA. 21 were in travelers returning from developing countries (genotype 1 and 4) and 4 were autochthonous. In the period 1995-2012, 20 imported and only one autochthonous case were identified. For the period 2012-2015, one imported and three autochthonous cases were found. Conclusions: HEV genotype 3 is currently circulating in humans in our region. The number of autochthonous cases seems higher over the 3 years. This may be due to a recent increased incidence of cases as recently described in UK1 and the Netherlands2. Clinicians should have a low threshold for testing patients with hepatitis for HEV, especially in the immunosuppressed and patients with neurological symptoms and abnormal liver function tests. 1.Ijaz S etal JID 2014 ;1212-1218. 2. Zaaijer H, Hepatology 2015;62:654

Autochthonous HEV infection in Vicenza, Italy

SALATA, CRISTIANO;FRANCHIN, ELISA;
2016

Abstract

Background Acute hepatitis E (AHE) is gaining increasing global attention in both developing and developed countries. In many developed countries autochthonous cases are common and related to HEV genotype 3 and 4. In our Department, all patients with acute NA-NC hepatitis, both autochthonous and imported, have been systematically tested for HEV since 1995. Material/methods We reviewed all cases of acute NA-NC hepatitis tested for HEV in the period 1995-2015. For the locally acquired cases identified we reviewed the clinical and laboratory data. Serological analyses had been carried out by means of an ELISA commercial kit for HEV antibodies (IgM and IgG Abbott, USA until 2004, then Dia.Pro, Italy). Total RNA was extracted by serum and stool samples (QIAamp MinElute Virus Spn - QIAGEN, Germany) and HEV RNA was detected by real-time RT-PCR. HEV genotypes were evaluated by sequencing of a fragment of the ORF-2 gene encoding the constitutive protein of the capsid. Results 68 cases of NA-NC were tested for HEV during the period 1995-2015, including 39 in the period 1995-2012 and 29 during 2012-2015. 25 patients tested positive at serology (IgM and IgG) and were confirmed by HEV-RNA. 21 were in travelers returning from developing countries (genotype 1 and 4) and 4 were autochthonous. In the period 1995-2012, 20 imported and only one autochthonous case were identified. For the period 2012-2015, one imported and three autochthonous cases were found. Conclusions: HEV genotype 3 is currently circulating in humans in our region. The number of autochthonous cases seems higher over the 3 years. This may be due to a recent increased incidence of cases as recently described in UK1 and the Netherlands2. Clinicians should have a low threshold for testing patients with hepatitis for HEV, especially in the immunosuppressed and patients with neurological symptoms and abnormal liver function tests. 1.Ijaz S etal JID 2014 ;1212-1218. 2. Zaaijer H, Hepatology 2015;62:654
2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3183781
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