Aim: We aimed to study tuberous sclerosis-associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND) in children and adolescents with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Method: Retrospective and prospective cohort study conducted at a Paediatric Neurology Unit of an Italian Tertiary Care Hospital. Clinical and neuroimaging data were reviewed. Scores for neurological and epilepsy outcomes (Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale, Paediatric Version and Early Childhood Epilepsy Severity Scale modified), semi-structured interviews (authorized Italian version of the TAND checklist and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales) and questionnaires (Child Behavior Checklist [CBCL]) were applied at last follow-up. Results: Thirty-two patients with TSC (age range 1-19y) were enrolled. Eighty-eight per cent had at least one TAND and 47% had intellectual disability. The TAND checklist showed internalizing problems in 25.8% of cases (vs 41.9% by CBCL), and externalizing problems in 41.9% (vs 9.7% by CBCL). TAND prevailed in patients with de novo mutation of TSC2, high tuber load, and severe neurological and epilepsy outcomes. Interpretation: In our cohort, 78% of patients had more than four TAND behavioural problems; nevertheless, they did not show a constant and specific neuropsychiatric profile. Clinical, neurophysiological, and neuroradiological features were associated with several TAND. The TAND checklist appeared more effective than the CBCL, particularly in detecting externalizing problems. What this paper adds: The Tuberous sclerosis-associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND) checklist is an effective tool for TAND screening. The TAND checklist helps define psychopathological and neuropsychiatric aspects in paediatric patients with Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). TAND were found in 88% of patients with TSC, whilst 78% had more than four TAND. TAND distribution depends on different clinical and neuroradiological features.

Tuberous sclerosis-associated neuropsychiatric disorders: a paediatric cohort study.

Toldo I;Brasson V;Miscioscia M;Pelizza MF;Manara R;Sartori S;Nosadini M;Gatta M.
2019

Abstract

Aim: We aimed to study tuberous sclerosis-associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND) in children and adolescents with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Method: Retrospective and prospective cohort study conducted at a Paediatric Neurology Unit of an Italian Tertiary Care Hospital. Clinical and neuroimaging data were reviewed. Scores for neurological and epilepsy outcomes (Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale, Paediatric Version and Early Childhood Epilepsy Severity Scale modified), semi-structured interviews (authorized Italian version of the TAND checklist and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales) and questionnaires (Child Behavior Checklist [CBCL]) were applied at last follow-up. Results: Thirty-two patients with TSC (age range 1-19y) were enrolled. Eighty-eight per cent had at least one TAND and 47% had intellectual disability. The TAND checklist showed internalizing problems in 25.8% of cases (vs 41.9% by CBCL), and externalizing problems in 41.9% (vs 9.7% by CBCL). TAND prevailed in patients with de novo mutation of TSC2, high tuber load, and severe neurological and epilepsy outcomes. Interpretation: In our cohort, 78% of patients had more than four TAND behavioural problems; nevertheless, they did not show a constant and specific neuropsychiatric profile. Clinical, neurophysiological, and neuroradiological features were associated with several TAND. The TAND checklist appeared more effective than the CBCL, particularly in detecting externalizing problems. What this paper adds: The Tuberous sclerosis-associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND) checklist is an effective tool for TAND screening. The TAND checklist helps define psychopathological and neuropsychiatric aspects in paediatric patients with Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). TAND were found in 88% of patients with TSC, whilst 78% had more than four TAND. TAND distribution depends on different clinical and neuroradiological features.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3304998
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact