Vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs) are one of the most promising technologies for large-scale energy storage due to their flexible energy and power capacity configurations. The energy losses evaluation assumes a very important rule on the VRFB characterization in order increase the efficiency of the battery. Very few papers describe the relations between hydraulic, electrical and chemical contributions to the system energy losses, especially in a large size VRFB system. In the first part a fluid dynamics characterization of a 9kW / 27 kWh VRFB test facility has been conducted. In particular, we will consider the internal resistance as the sum of an ohmic and a transport resistance. Secondly, an overall loss assessment based on both numerical and experimental results has been carried out. Finally, some improvements in the battery management strategy and in stack engineering are proposed, that results from this work and can help the future designer to develop more efficient VRFB stack with a compact design.

Maximizing Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Efficiency: Strategies of Flow Rate Control

Trovo A.;Picano F.;Guarnieri M.
2019

Abstract

Vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs) are one of the most promising technologies for large-scale energy storage due to their flexible energy and power capacity configurations. The energy losses evaluation assumes a very important rule on the VRFB characterization in order increase the efficiency of the battery. Very few papers describe the relations between hydraulic, electrical and chemical contributions to the system energy losses, especially in a large size VRFB system. In the first part a fluid dynamics characterization of a 9kW / 27 kWh VRFB test facility has been conducted. In particular, we will consider the internal resistance as the sum of an ohmic and a transport resistance. Secondly, an overall loss assessment based on both numerical and experimental results has been carried out. Finally, some improvements in the battery management strategy and in stack engineering are proposed, that results from this work and can help the future designer to develop more efficient VRFB stack with a compact design.
Proc.. IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics – ISIE 2019
978-1-7281-3666-0
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3306442
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