The use of hyperbaric oxygen plays a significant role in many aspects of medicine. However, there are few studies that analyzed the role of hyperbaric oxygen, in addition to physical exercise, on the endocrine profile. The aim of this study was to compare changes in plasma male sex hormones after hyperbaric physical exercise with different hyperbaric oxygen pre-conditionings. We recruited six healthy, well-trained recreational male divers. Concentrations of prolactin (PRL), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteotrophic hormone (LH), cortisol, 17-β estradiol (E2), and total testosterone (TT) were measured in venous blood immediately after four different study conditions. Exercise increased PRL and hyperbaric oxygen potentiated this effect. Hyperbaria stimulated the E2 reduction and hyperoxia partially inhibited this reduction. Hyperbaria, but not hyperoxia, stimulated the TT reduction. There were no changes in FSH, LH, and cortisol. The increase in PRL likely reflects a stress response after physical exercise, amplified by hyperbaric oxygen. TT reduction may be interpreted as an acute and transient fertility impairment. Age, blood pressure, and BMI were taken into account as covariates for statistical analyses, and they significantly affected the results, in particular TT. These data open new insight into the role of E2 and PRL in male endocrine adaptive responses.

Sex Hormones Response to Physical Hyperoxic and Hyperbaric Stress in Male Scuba Divers: A Pilot Study

Verratti, Vittore;Camporesi, Enrico;Paoli, Antonio;Bosco, Gerardo
2019

Abstract

The use of hyperbaric oxygen plays a significant role in many aspects of medicine. However, there are few studies that analyzed the role of hyperbaric oxygen, in addition to physical exercise, on the endocrine profile. The aim of this study was to compare changes in plasma male sex hormones after hyperbaric physical exercise with different hyperbaric oxygen pre-conditionings. We recruited six healthy, well-trained recreational male divers. Concentrations of prolactin (PRL), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteotrophic hormone (LH), cortisol, 17-β estradiol (E2), and total testosterone (TT) were measured in venous blood immediately after four different study conditions. Exercise increased PRL and hyperbaric oxygen potentiated this effect. Hyperbaria stimulated the E2 reduction and hyperoxia partially inhibited this reduction. Hyperbaria, but not hyperoxia, stimulated the TT reduction. There were no changes in FSH, LH, and cortisol. The increase in PRL likely reflects a stress response after physical exercise, amplified by hyperbaric oxygen. TT reduction may be interpreted as an acute and transient fertility impairment. Age, blood pressure, and BMI were taken into account as covariates for statistical analyses, and they significantly affected the results, in particular TT. These data open new insight into the role of E2 and PRL in male endocrine adaptive responses.
2019
Advances in experimental medicine and biology
978-3-030-25372-1
978-3-030-25373-8
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3306960
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