The study of the Extragalactic Background Light (EBL) is crucial to understand many astrophysical problems (as the formation of first stars, the evolution of galaxies and the role of dust emission). At present, one of the most powerful ways to put constraints on EBL is represented by the study of the photon-photon absorption on gamma-ray spectra of TeV blazars. Adopting this method, we found that, if the only contribution to the optical and Near Infrared (NIR) background is given by galaxies, the spectrum of the blazar H 1426+428 cannot be fitted. To reproduce the observational data of H 1426+428 a Near Infrared excess with respect to galaxy counts is required, with amplitude consistent with both the Matsumoto et al. (2000) data with Kelsall's model of zodiacal light (ZL) subtraction and the DIRBE data with Wright's model of ZL subtraction. The derived constraints on the optical EBL are weaker, because the experimental errors on blazar data are still bigger than the differences among various optical EBL models. In the mid-infrared the SPITZER measurement of vIv=2.7 nW m-2 sr-1 at 24 μm, provides the best fit of the blazar spectrum.

Extragalactic Background Light: New constraints from the study of the photon-photon absorption on blazar spectra

Mapelli M.;
2004

Abstract

The study of the Extragalactic Background Light (EBL) is crucial to understand many astrophysical problems (as the formation of first stars, the evolution of galaxies and the role of dust emission). At present, one of the most powerful ways to put constraints on EBL is represented by the study of the photon-photon absorption on gamma-ray spectra of TeV blazars. Adopting this method, we found that, if the only contribution to the optical and Near Infrared (NIR) background is given by galaxies, the spectrum of the blazar H 1426+428 cannot be fitted. To reproduce the observational data of H 1426+428 a Near Infrared excess with respect to galaxy counts is required, with amplitude consistent with both the Matsumoto et al. (2000) data with Kelsall's model of zodiacal light (ZL) subtraction and the DIRBE data with Wright's model of ZL subtraction. The derived constraints on the optical EBL are weaker, because the experimental errors on blazar data are still bigger than the differences among various optical EBL models. In the mid-infrared the SPITZER measurement of vIv=2.7 nW m-2 sr-1 at 24 μm, provides the best fit of the blazar spectrum.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3346053
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