The N2pc event-related potential component measures direction and time course of selective visual attention and represents an important biomarker in cognitive neuroscience. While its subtractive origin strongly influences the amplitude, thus hindering its detection, other external factors, such as subject's inefficiency to allocate attention to the cued target, or the heterogeneity of the visual context, may strongly affect the elicitation of the component itself. It would therefore be extremely important to create a tool that, using as few sweeps as possible, could reliably establish whether an N2pc is present in an individual subject. In the present work, we propose an approach by resorting to a time-frequency analysis of N2pc individual signals; in particular, power at each frequency band (α/β/δ/θ) was computed in the N2 time range and correlated to the estimated amplitude of the N2pc. Preliminary results on fourteen human volunteers of a visual search design showed a very high correlation coefficient (over 0.9) between the low frequency bands power and the mean absolute amplitude of the component, using only 40 sweeps. Results also seemed to suggest that N2pc amplitude values higher than 0.5 μV could be accurately classified according to time-frequency indices.Clinical Relevance - The online detection of the N2pc presence in individual EEG datasets would allow not only to study the factors responsible of N2pc variability across subjects and conditions, but also to investigate novel search variants on participants with a predisposition to show an N2pc, reducing time and costs and the possibility to obtain biased results.

A Time-Frequency Analysis for the Online Detection of the N2pc Event-Related Potential (ERP) Component in Individual EEG Datasets

Marturano F.;Brigadoi S.;Doro M.;Dell'Acqua R.;Sparacino G.
2020

Abstract

The N2pc event-related potential component measures direction and time course of selective visual attention and represents an important biomarker in cognitive neuroscience. While its subtractive origin strongly influences the amplitude, thus hindering its detection, other external factors, such as subject's inefficiency to allocate attention to the cued target, or the heterogeneity of the visual context, may strongly affect the elicitation of the component itself. It would therefore be extremely important to create a tool that, using as few sweeps as possible, could reliably establish whether an N2pc is present in an individual subject. In the present work, we propose an approach by resorting to a time-frequency analysis of N2pc individual signals; in particular, power at each frequency band (α/β/δ/θ) was computed in the N2 time range and correlated to the estimated amplitude of the N2pc. Preliminary results on fourteen human volunteers of a visual search design showed a very high correlation coefficient (over 0.9) between the low frequency bands power and the mean absolute amplitude of the component, using only 40 sweeps. Results also seemed to suggest that N2pc amplitude values higher than 0.5 μV could be accurately classified according to time-frequency indices.Clinical Relevance - The online detection of the N2pc presence in individual EEG datasets would allow not only to study the factors responsible of N2pc variability across subjects and conditions, but also to investigate novel search variants on participants with a predisposition to show an N2pc, reducing time and costs and the possibility to obtain biased results.
2020
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
978-1-7281-1990-8
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3371550
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