Dropwise condensation (DWC) is a complex heat transfer process in which vapor phase changes to liquid phase forming discrete droplets on a surface whose temperature is below the dew temperature of the condensing fluid. DWC mode can strongly enhance the heat transfer compared to filmwise condensation (FWC) mode that usually takes place when a vapor condenses over a metallic surface. The wettability of the surface plays a crucial role on the promotion of DWC instead of FWC. This Chapter is focused on heat transfer measurements and modeling during DWC. The first two Sections are dedicated to a short literature review and to the description of the experimental procedures that can be used for the measurement of the heat transfer coefficient. DWC involves millions of droplets per square meter that form the so called droplet population. Section 3 is dedicated to the description of the droplet size distribution. Section 4 presents selected models that can be used for the prediction of the heat transfer during DWC. Formed droplets can be removed from the condensing surface by gravity or by other external forces. In the literature, most of the DWC experimental data are taken with quiescent vapor and very few works investigate the effect of the vapor drag force on the droplet departing radius and thus on the heat transfer during DWC. Furthermore, the effect of vapor velocity is not accounted for in available DWC models. Therefore, the last Section of this Chapter is focused on heat transfer modeling in presence of vapor velocity. A recent approach proposed by the present authors to account for the reduction of droplets departing diameter due to vapor velocity is here presented. The model is then used to show the effect of the main parameters on the DWC heat transfer coefficient.

Heat transfer enhancement during dropwise condensation over wettability-controlled surfaces

Bortolin S.;Tancon M.;Del Col
2022

Abstract

Dropwise condensation (DWC) is a complex heat transfer process in which vapor phase changes to liquid phase forming discrete droplets on a surface whose temperature is below the dew temperature of the condensing fluid. DWC mode can strongly enhance the heat transfer compared to filmwise condensation (FWC) mode that usually takes place when a vapor condenses over a metallic surface. The wettability of the surface plays a crucial role on the promotion of DWC instead of FWC. This Chapter is focused on heat transfer measurements and modeling during DWC. The first two Sections are dedicated to a short literature review and to the description of the experimental procedures that can be used for the measurement of the heat transfer coefficient. DWC involves millions of droplets per square meter that form the so called droplet population. Section 3 is dedicated to the description of the droplet size distribution. Section 4 presents selected models that can be used for the prediction of the heat transfer during DWC. Formed droplets can be removed from the condensing surface by gravity or by other external forces. In the literature, most of the DWC experimental data are taken with quiescent vapor and very few works investigate the effect of the vapor drag force on the droplet departing radius and thus on the heat transfer during DWC. Furthermore, the effect of vapor velocity is not accounted for in available DWC models. Therefore, the last Section of this Chapter is focused on heat transfer modeling in presence of vapor velocity. A recent approach proposed by the present authors to account for the reduction of droplets departing diameter due to vapor velocity is here presented. The model is then used to show the effect of the main parameters on the DWC heat transfer coefficient.
The Surface Wettability Effect on Phase Change
978-3-030-82991-9
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3394815
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