The classical theory of solid mechanics is rooted in the assumption of a continuous distribution of mass within a body. It employs partial differential equations (PDEs) with significant smoothness to obtain displacements and internal forces of the body. Although classical theory has been applied to wide range of engineering problems, PDEs of the classical theory cannot be applied directly on a discontinuity such as cracks. Peridynamics is considered to be an alternative and promising nonlocal theory of solid mechanics that, by replacing PDEs of classical theory with integral or integro-differential equations, attempts to unite the mathematical modelling of continuous media, cracks and particles within a single framework. Indeed, the equations of peridynamic are based on the direct interaction of material points over finite distances. Another concept, derived from the peridynamic approach to cope with engineering problems with discontinuities, is that of the peridynamic differential operator (PDDO). The PDDO uses the non-local interaction of the material points in a way similar to that of peridynamics. PDDO is capable to recast partial derivatives of a function through a nonlocal integral operator whose kernel is free of using any correction function. In this dissertation, application of peridaynamics and PDDO, to three different important engineering problems including fatigue fracture, thermo-mechanics and sloshing phenomena, is examined comprehensively. To cope with fatigue fracture problems, an algorithm has been developed in such a way that the increment of damage due to fatigue is added to that due to the static increment of the opening displacement. A one degree of freedom cylinder model has been used to carry out an efficient comparison of the computational performance of three fatigue degradation strategies. The three laws have been implemented in a code using bond based peridynamics (BBPD) to simulate fatigue crack propagation. Both the cylinder model and the bond base peridynamics code provide the same assessment of the three fatigue degradation strategies. To deal with thermo-mechanical problems, an effective way is proposed to use a variable grid size in a weakly coupled thermal shock peridynamic model. The proposed numerical method is equipped with stretch control criterion to transform the grid discretization adaptively in time. Hence, finer grid spacing is only applied in limited zones where it is required. This method is capable of predicting complex crack patterns in the model. By introducing fine grid discretization over the boundaries of the model the surface (softening) effect can be reduced. The accuracy and performance of the model are examined through problems such as thermo-elastic and thermal-shock induced fracture in ceramics. Finally to investigate sloshing phenomena, the PDDO has been applied to the solution of problems of liquid sloshing in 2D and 3D tanks with potential flow theory and Lagrangian description. Moreover, liquid sloshing in rectangular tanks containing horizontal and vertical baffles are investigated to examine the robustness and accuracy of PDDO. With respect to other approaches such as meshless local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG), volume of fluid (VOF) and and local polynomial collocation methods the examples are solved with a coarser grid of nodes. Using this new approach, one is able to obtain results with a high accuracy and low computational cost.

Discontinuous mechanical problems studied with a Peridynamics-based approach / Bazazzadeh, Soheil. - (2018).

### Discontinuous mechanical problems studied with a Peridynamics-based approach

#### Abstract

The classical theory of solid mechanics is rooted in the assumption of a continuous distribution of mass within a body. It employs partial differential equations (PDEs) with significant smoothness to obtain displacements and internal forces of the body. Although classical theory has been applied to wide range of engineering problems, PDEs of the classical theory cannot be applied directly on a discontinuity such as cracks. Peridynamics is considered to be an alternative and promising nonlocal theory of solid mechanics that, by replacing PDEs of classical theory with integral or integro-differential equations, attempts to unite the mathematical modelling of continuous media, cracks and particles within a single framework. Indeed, the equations of peridynamic are based on the direct interaction of material points over finite distances. Another concept, derived from the peridynamic approach to cope with engineering problems with discontinuities, is that of the peridynamic differential operator (PDDO). The PDDO uses the non-local interaction of the material points in a way similar to that of peridynamics. PDDO is capable to recast partial derivatives of a function through a nonlocal integral operator whose kernel is free of using any correction function. In this dissertation, application of peridaynamics and PDDO, to three different important engineering problems including fatigue fracture, thermo-mechanics and sloshing phenomena, is examined comprehensively. To cope with fatigue fracture problems, an algorithm has been developed in such a way that the increment of damage due to fatigue is added to that due to the static increment of the opening displacement. A one degree of freedom cylinder model has been used to carry out an efficient comparison of the computational performance of three fatigue degradation strategies. The three laws have been implemented in a code using bond based peridynamics (BBPD) to simulate fatigue crack propagation. Both the cylinder model and the bond base peridynamics code provide the same assessment of the three fatigue degradation strategies. To deal with thermo-mechanical problems, an effective way is proposed to use a variable grid size in a weakly coupled thermal shock peridynamic model. The proposed numerical method is equipped with stretch control criterion to transform the grid discretization adaptively in time. Hence, finer grid spacing is only applied in limited zones where it is required. This method is capable of predicting complex crack patterns in the model. By introducing fine grid discretization over the boundaries of the model the surface (softening) effect can be reduced. The accuracy and performance of the model are examined through problems such as thermo-elastic and thermal-shock induced fracture in ceramics. Finally to investigate sloshing phenomena, the PDDO has been applied to the solution of problems of liquid sloshing in 2D and 3D tanks with potential flow theory and Lagrangian description. Moreover, liquid sloshing in rectangular tanks containing horizontal and vertical baffles are investigated to examine the robustness and accuracy of PDDO. With respect to other approaches such as meshless local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG), volume of fluid (VOF) and and local polynomial collocation methods the examples are solved with a coarser grid of nodes. Using this new approach, one is able to obtain results with a high accuracy and low computational cost.
##### Scheda breve Scheda completa Scheda completa (DC)
2018
Peridynamics, Peridynamic differential operator, Fatigue, Thermal-shock, Sloshing
Discontinuous mechanical problems studied with a Peridynamics-based approach / Bazazzadeh, Soheil. - (2018).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3425762`