The timing of p53 mutation in the multistep process of esophageal carcinogenesis is still under debate. We tested p53 expression in 16 samples of low-grade and 29 samples of high-grade esophageal dysplasia (ED) coexisting with esophageal squamous cancer (ESC) in 31 patients who underwent total esophagectomy. In normal mucosa, a positive immunoreaction was detected in 10 of 31 cases, always restricted to the lower half of the epithelial thickness. We detected p53-positive nuclei in 11 of 16, 23 of 29, and 23 of 31 samples of low-grade ED, high-grade ED, and ESC, respectively. Cases exhibiting positive staining in dysplastic samples also demonstrated positive immunoreaction in the carcinomatous tissue. Immunoreactivity in cancer cells was never found in the absence of positive dysplastic nuclei. A significantly higher score of immunoreactive nuclei was detected in high-grade versus low-grade and in low-grade compared with normal mucosa. These data suggest that p53 mutation may represent an early event in esophageal oncogenesis.

P53 OVEREXPRESSION IN THE MULTISTEP PROCESS OF ESOPHAGEAL CARCINOGENESIS

PARENTI, ANNA ROSITA;RUGGE, MASSIMO;RUOL, ARTURO;NOVENTA, FRANCO;ANCONA, ERMANNO;NINFO, VITO
1995

Abstract

The timing of p53 mutation in the multistep process of esophageal carcinogenesis is still under debate. We tested p53 expression in 16 samples of low-grade and 29 samples of high-grade esophageal dysplasia (ED) coexisting with esophageal squamous cancer (ESC) in 31 patients who underwent total esophagectomy. In normal mucosa, a positive immunoreaction was detected in 10 of 31 cases, always restricted to the lower half of the epithelial thickness. We detected p53-positive nuclei in 11 of 16, 23 of 29, and 23 of 31 samples of low-grade ED, high-grade ED, and ESC, respectively. Cases exhibiting positive staining in dysplastic samples also demonstrated positive immunoreaction in the carcinomatous tissue. Immunoreactivity in cancer cells was never found in the absence of positive dysplastic nuclei. A significantly higher score of immunoreactive nuclei was detected in high-grade versus low-grade and in low-grade compared with normal mucosa. These data suggest that p53 mutation may represent an early event in esophageal oncogenesis.
1995
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/108527
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