The non-toxic B subunit of E. coli heat-labile enterotoxin (EtxB) is a convenient carrier molecule for the attachment and delivery of heterologous peptides into eukaryotic cells. To evaluate the properties of such EtxB-based fusion proteins an efficient method for their production and purification is required. High level production and purification of native EtxB has been achieved using heterologous expression and secretion in a marine vibrio [Amin, T., and Hirst, T. R. (1994) Protein. Expr. Purif. 5, 198-204]. However, the use of this method to isolate EtxB-fusion proteins has been precluded because of their susceptibilty to degradation by extracellular proteases secreted by members of the Vibrionaceae. In this paper a method is described for production of EtxB-pol, comprising the enterotoxin B-subunit linked to a 27 residue C-terminal fragment of POL, the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Following assessment of the relative efficacy of different Vibrio strains as hosts for EtxB-pol expression, the chimera was produced at the highest level of 3.5 mg/l by cultures of Vibrio sp.60. Addition of 0.3 mM EDTA to the growth medium blocked proteolysis of the secreted EtxB-pol fusion protein, which was then purified to homogeneity using ammonium sulfate fractionation and hydrophobic interaction chromatography, with a yield of 57%. Purified EtxB-pol reacted with both anti-EtxB and anti-pol peptide antibodies, and was able to specifically bind UL42, a processivity factor which normally binds to the C-terminal region of HSV-1 POL. This modified method for expression and purification of EtxB-pol should be of general utility for the preparation of other EtxB-based fusion proteins.

Use of Vibrio spp. for expression of E. coli enterotoxin B subunit fusion proteins: purification and characterization of a chimera containing a C-terminal fragment of DNA polymerase from herpes virus type 1.

LOREGIAN, ARIANNA;PALU', GIORGIO
1996

Abstract

The non-toxic B subunit of E. coli heat-labile enterotoxin (EtxB) is a convenient carrier molecule for the attachment and delivery of heterologous peptides into eukaryotic cells. To evaluate the properties of such EtxB-based fusion proteins an efficient method for their production and purification is required. High level production and purification of native EtxB has been achieved using heterologous expression and secretion in a marine vibrio [Amin, T., and Hirst, T. R. (1994) Protein. Expr. Purif. 5, 198-204]. However, the use of this method to isolate EtxB-fusion proteins has been precluded because of their susceptibilty to degradation by extracellular proteases secreted by members of the Vibrionaceae. In this paper a method is described for production of EtxB-pol, comprising the enterotoxin B-subunit linked to a 27 residue C-terminal fragment of POL, the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Following assessment of the relative efficacy of different Vibrio strains as hosts for EtxB-pol expression, the chimera was produced at the highest level of 3.5 mg/l by cultures of Vibrio sp.60. Addition of 0.3 mM EDTA to the growth medium blocked proteolysis of the secreted EtxB-pol fusion protein, which was then purified to homogeneity using ammonium sulfate fractionation and hydrophobic interaction chromatography, with a yield of 57%. Purified EtxB-pol reacted with both anti-EtxB and anti-pol peptide antibodies, and was able to specifically bind UL42, a processivity factor which normally binds to the C-terminal region of HSV-1 POL. This modified method for expression and purification of EtxB-pol should be of general utility for the preparation of other EtxB-based fusion proteins.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/118216
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