A program of sexual polyploidization was carried out in alfalfa using plants from wild diploid species that produced male or female unreduced gametes. Sixteen progenies from 2x-4x and 2x-2x crosses were examined with a combination of morphological, cytological and molecular analyses. The chromosome counts revealed diploid, tetraploid and aneuploid plants. Plants with B chromosomes were also detected. The leaf area of the plants was a useful characteristic for distinguishing tetraploid from diploid plants obtained by unilateral or bilateral sexual polyploidization. Leaf shape and leaf margin were not correlated with the ploidy levels. Plants with supernumerary chromosomes displayed obovate or elliptic leaves which differed markedly from the range of forms typical of diploid and tetraploid alfalfa plants. RAPD markers were investigated in all progeny plants to determine maternal and paternal amplification products. Three alfalfa-specific primers proved to be effective in revealing the hybrid origin of the plants. A combination of cytological, morphological and molecular analyses is essential for a detailed genetic characterization of progenies in programs of sexual polyploidization.

Cytological, morphological and molecular analyses of controlled progenies from meiotic mutants of alfalfa producing unreduced gametes.

BARCACCIA, GIANNI;
1995

Abstract

A program of sexual polyploidization was carried out in alfalfa using plants from wild diploid species that produced male or female unreduced gametes. Sixteen progenies from 2x-4x and 2x-2x crosses were examined with a combination of morphological, cytological and molecular analyses. The chromosome counts revealed diploid, tetraploid and aneuploid plants. Plants with B chromosomes were also detected. The leaf area of the plants was a useful characteristic for distinguishing tetraploid from diploid plants obtained by unilateral or bilateral sexual polyploidization. Leaf shape and leaf margin were not correlated with the ploidy levels. Plants with supernumerary chromosomes displayed obovate or elliptic leaves which differed markedly from the range of forms typical of diploid and tetraploid alfalfa plants. RAPD markers were investigated in all progeny plants to determine maternal and paternal amplification products. Three alfalfa-specific primers proved to be effective in revealing the hybrid origin of the plants. A combination of cytological, morphological and molecular analyses is essential for a detailed genetic characterization of progenies in programs of sexual polyploidization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/119685
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