Cultured rabbit hepatocytes were used to compare the relative activities of cytokines to inhibit the constitutive or rifampicin (RIF)-induced expression of the cytochrome P450 3A6 gene (CYP3A6). Human recombinant cytokines tested were interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) (2 U/mL), interleukin-2 (IL-2) (5,000 U/mL) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) (50 U/mL). Hepatocytes were cultured in the presence or absence of 25 mu M RIF for 24 hr, with or without cytokines alone or in combination. All these cytokines inhibited RIF-induced P4503A6 expression without apparent cellular toxicity. By contrast, only IFN-gamma treatment provided a significant decrease (41%) in the constitutive P4503A6 protein level. Moreover, cytokines differed in their ability to repress RIF-dependent transcriptional induction of CYP3A6: IL-1 beta and IL-2 were approximately equipotent, causing an almost 40-50% suppression of CYP3A6 mRNA and protein levels, whereas IFN-gamma exerted repressive effects only on P4503A6-related erythromycin N-demethylase activity and inducible protein expression. In fact, although strongly reducing P4503A6 protein content (an approximate 70% decrease), IFN-gamma did not exhibit any influence on CYP3A6 mRNAs with the exception of its association with interleukins. All these results suggest that IL-1 beta and IL-2 mainly promote a transcriptional repression mechanism, given the absence of effect of these cytokines on the basal P4503A6 level, whereas IFN-gamma exerts a post-transcriptional suppressive action on both induced and constitutive P4503A6 expression. Consequently, P4503A6-dependent progesterone 6 beta-hydroxylase activity also presented a cytokine-specific pattern of inhibition, with a much greater sensitivity than P4503A6 immunoreactive protein to IL-1 beta and IL-2 + IFN-gamma treatments. Thus, this study underlines che significant impact of inflammation on steroid metabolism

Comparative effects of cytokines on constitutive and inducible expression of the gene encoding for the cytochrome P450 3A6 isoenzyme in cultured rabbit hepatocytes: consequences on progesterone 6ß-hydroxylation

DACASTO, MAURO;
1998

Abstract

Cultured rabbit hepatocytes were used to compare the relative activities of cytokines to inhibit the constitutive or rifampicin (RIF)-induced expression of the cytochrome P450 3A6 gene (CYP3A6). Human recombinant cytokines tested were interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) (2 U/mL), interleukin-2 (IL-2) (5,000 U/mL) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) (50 U/mL). Hepatocytes were cultured in the presence or absence of 25 mu M RIF for 24 hr, with or without cytokines alone or in combination. All these cytokines inhibited RIF-induced P4503A6 expression without apparent cellular toxicity. By contrast, only IFN-gamma treatment provided a significant decrease (41%) in the constitutive P4503A6 protein level. Moreover, cytokines differed in their ability to repress RIF-dependent transcriptional induction of CYP3A6: IL-1 beta and IL-2 were approximately equipotent, causing an almost 40-50% suppression of CYP3A6 mRNA and protein levels, whereas IFN-gamma exerted repressive effects only on P4503A6-related erythromycin N-demethylase activity and inducible protein expression. In fact, although strongly reducing P4503A6 protein content (an approximate 70% decrease), IFN-gamma did not exhibit any influence on CYP3A6 mRNAs with the exception of its association with interleukins. All these results suggest that IL-1 beta and IL-2 mainly promote a transcriptional repression mechanism, given the absence of effect of these cytokines on the basal P4503A6 level, whereas IFN-gamma exerts a post-transcriptional suppressive action on both induced and constitutive P4503A6 expression. Consequently, P4503A6-dependent progesterone 6 beta-hydroxylase activity also presented a cytokine-specific pattern of inhibition, with a much greater sensitivity than P4503A6 immunoreactive protein to IL-1 beta and IL-2 + IFN-gamma treatments. Thus, this study underlines che significant impact of inflammation on steroid metabolism
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/122387
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 19
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact