Neuropeptide K (NPK), a member of the kassinin-like tachykinin family, is contained in the rat hypothalamus and is known to stimulate pituitary ACTH release. The intraperitoneal bolus administration of NPK dose-dependently enhanced corticosterone blood level not only in intact rats, but also in hypophysectomized/ACTH replaced animals. NPK did not affect corticosterone secretion of dispersed rat adrenocortical cells; however, it concentration-dependently raised basal corticosterone production by decapsulated adrenal quarters (including both cortical and medullary tissues). Minimal and maximal effective concentrations were 10(-9) and 10(-8) M, respectively. 10(-8) M NPK potentiated corticosterone response of adrenal quarters elicited by 10(-12) M ACTH, but not that evoked by higher concentrations of ACTH. The direct corticosterone secretagogue effect of 10(-8) M NPK is annulled by 10(-6) M alpha-helical-CRH or corticotropin-inhibiting peptide, competitive inhibitors of CRH and ACTH, respectively. In light of these findings, the hypothesis is advanced that NPK exerts a direct stimulatory action on adrenocortical secretion and that the mechanism underlying this effect of NPK may involve the activation of the intra-medullary CRH/ACTH system.

NEUROPEPTIDE-K ENHANCES GLUCOCORTICOID RELEASE BY ACTING DIRECTLY ON THE RAT ADRENAL-GLAND - THE POSSIBLE INVOLVEMENT OF ZONA MEDULLARIS

BELLONI, ANNA SANDRA;
1994

Abstract

Neuropeptide K (NPK), a member of the kassinin-like tachykinin family, is contained in the rat hypothalamus and is known to stimulate pituitary ACTH release. The intraperitoneal bolus administration of NPK dose-dependently enhanced corticosterone blood level not only in intact rats, but also in hypophysectomized/ACTH replaced animals. NPK did not affect corticosterone secretion of dispersed rat adrenocortical cells; however, it concentration-dependently raised basal corticosterone production by decapsulated adrenal quarters (including both cortical and medullary tissues). Minimal and maximal effective concentrations were 10(-9) and 10(-8) M, respectively. 10(-8) M NPK potentiated corticosterone response of adrenal quarters elicited by 10(-12) M ACTH, but not that evoked by higher concentrations of ACTH. The direct corticosterone secretagogue effect of 10(-8) M NPK is annulled by 10(-6) M alpha-helical-CRH or corticotropin-inhibiting peptide, competitive inhibitors of CRH and ACTH, respectively. In light of these findings, the hypothesis is advanced that NPK exerts a direct stimulatory action on adrenocortical secretion and that the mechanism underlying this effect of NPK may involve the activation of the intra-medullary CRH/ACTH system.
1994
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/123495
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