Bacteria produce several protein toxins that act inside cells. These toxins bind with high affinity to glycolipid or glycoprotein receptors present on the cell surface. Binding is followed by endocytosis and intracellular trafficking inside vesicles. Different toxins enter different intracellular routes, but have the common remarkable property of being able to translocate their catalytic subunit across a membrane into the cytosol. Here, a toxin modifies a specific target with ensuing cell alterations, necessary for the survival and diffusion strategies of the toxin producing bacterium.

BACTERIAL PROTEIN TOXINS PENETRATE CELLS VIA A 4-STEP MECHANISM

MONTECUCCO, CESARE;PAPINI, EMANUELE;
1994

Abstract

Bacteria produce several protein toxins that act inside cells. These toxins bind with high affinity to glycolipid or glycoprotein receptors present on the cell surface. Binding is followed by endocytosis and intracellular trafficking inside vesicles. Different toxins enter different intracellular routes, but have the common remarkable property of being able to translocate their catalytic subunit across a membrane into the cytosol. Here, a toxin modifies a specific target with ensuing cell alterations, necessary for the survival and diffusion strategies of the toxin producing bacterium.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/123619
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