This paper reports decomposition/pyrolysis studies of polyurethane (PU) rigid foams containing phosphinate, phosphonate or phosphate as flame retardant in order to study the effect of phosphorus oxidation state on their gas and/or solid phase action. The flame retardants analyzed were aluminium phosphinate (IPA), dimethylpropanphosphonate (DMPP), triethylphosphate (TEP) and ammonium polyphosphate (APP), which differ in oxidation state and/or decomposition temperature. Gases evolved during TGA analyses as well as solid residues have been studied by means of MS and FTIR. The results show that phosphorus flame retardants which significantly lose weight at temperatures lower than those of neat PU foams act in the gas phase irrespective of their valency: indeed, they are completely volatilized before polymer decomposition starts and thus no interaction between flame retardant and polymer can be expected. The effect of phosphorus oxidation state becomes important when flame retardant decomposition takes place in the same temperatures range as neat polymer. In this case, it seems that at lower P oxidation state (+1) a combined gas and solid phase action takes place while at higher P oxidation state (+5) only solid phase action was observed.

Influence of phosphorus valency on thermal behavior of flame retarded polyurethane foams

LORENZETTI, ALESSANDRA;MODESTI, MICHELE;
2011

Abstract

This paper reports decomposition/pyrolysis studies of polyurethane (PU) rigid foams containing phosphinate, phosphonate or phosphate as flame retardant in order to study the effect of phosphorus oxidation state on their gas and/or solid phase action. The flame retardants analyzed were aluminium phosphinate (IPA), dimethylpropanphosphonate (DMPP), triethylphosphate (TEP) and ammonium polyphosphate (APP), which differ in oxidation state and/or decomposition temperature. Gases evolved during TGA analyses as well as solid residues have been studied by means of MS and FTIR. The results show that phosphorus flame retardants which significantly lose weight at temperatures lower than those of neat PU foams act in the gas phase irrespective of their valency: indeed, they are completely volatilized before polymer decomposition starts and thus no interaction between flame retardant and polymer can be expected. The effect of phosphorus oxidation state becomes important when flame retardant decomposition takes place in the same temperatures range as neat polymer. In this case, it seems that at lower P oxidation state (+1) a combined gas and solid phase action takes place while at higher P oxidation state (+5) only solid phase action was observed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/124979
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