Background We reported previously that the cardiac troponin I (cTnI) promoter drives cardiac-specific expression of reporter genes in cardiac muscle cells and in transgenic mice, and that disruption of GATA elements inactivates the cTnI promoter in cultured cardiomyocytes. We have now examined the role of cTnI promoter GATA elements in skeletal muscle cells. Results Mutation or deletion of GATA elements induces a strong transcriptional activation of the cTnI promoter in regenerating skeletal muscle and in cultured skeletal muscle cells. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays show that proteins present in nuclear extracts of C2C12 muscle cells bind the GATA motifs present in the cTnI promoter. However, GATA protein complex formation is neither reduced nor supershifted by antibodies specific for GATA-2, -3 and -4, the only GATA transcripts present in muscle cells. Conclusion These findings indicate that the cTnI gene promoter is repressed in skeletal muscle cells by GATA-like factors and open the way to further studies aimed at identifying these factors.

GATA elements control repression of cardiac troponin I promoter activity in skeletal muscle cells.

DI LISI, RAFFAELLA;PICARD, ANNE ALEIDA;AUSONI, SIMONETTA;SCHIAFFINO, STEFANO
2007

Abstract

Background We reported previously that the cardiac troponin I (cTnI) promoter drives cardiac-specific expression of reporter genes in cardiac muscle cells and in transgenic mice, and that disruption of GATA elements inactivates the cTnI promoter in cultured cardiomyocytes. We have now examined the role of cTnI promoter GATA elements in skeletal muscle cells. Results Mutation or deletion of GATA elements induces a strong transcriptional activation of the cTnI promoter in regenerating skeletal muscle and in cultured skeletal muscle cells. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays show that proteins present in nuclear extracts of C2C12 muscle cells bind the GATA motifs present in the cTnI promoter. However, GATA protein complex formation is neither reduced nor supershifted by antibodies specific for GATA-2, -3 and -4, the only GATA transcripts present in muscle cells. Conclusion These findings indicate that the cTnI gene promoter is repressed in skeletal muscle cells by GATA-like factors and open the way to further studies aimed at identifying these factors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/125417
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