In order to examine the effect of a defined enantiomeric sequence on protein structure, the all-D model ribonuclease S-peptide, H-Ala-Glu-Ala4-Lys-Phe-Ala-Arg-Ala-His-Met-Ala2-OH, has been synthesized by the solid phase method. The all-L peptide has been synthesized previously and shown to possess 36% of ribonuclease S activity when added to ribonuclease S-protein (Komoriya, A. & Chaiken, I.M. (1982) J. Biol. Chem 257, 2599-2604). The synthetic D-peptide was purified by gel filtration and semipreparative reverse phase HPLC. Amino acid composition of the synthetic peptide was in agreement with theory and gas chromatographic analysis showed that no significant racemization had occurred during synthesis. Circular dichroism (CD) studies of the D-peptide showed a peak of positive ellipticity in the 220-230 nm region, whereas a negative ellipticity peak for the L-peptide was observed. The effects of temperature and trifluoroethanol on the far-ultraviolet CD spectra of D- and L-peptides were similar but of opposite sign, confirming the expectation that the D-peptide has the propensity to form an alpha-helical structure which is enantiomeric with respect to that formed by the L-peptide. In the presence of S-protein, the L-peptide showed hydrolytic activity against the substrate cytidine-2':3'-monophosphate, whereas the D-peptide was inactive. Addition of the D-peptide to mixtures of L-peptide and S-protein did not lead to inhibition of enzymatic activity. These results indicate lack of binding of D-peptide to S-protein to produce either an active or inactive species.

Synthesis and properties of an all-D model ribonuclease S-peptide.

DALZOPPO, DANIELE;FONTANA, ANGELO;
1985

Abstract

In order to examine the effect of a defined enantiomeric sequence on protein structure, the all-D model ribonuclease S-peptide, H-Ala-Glu-Ala4-Lys-Phe-Ala-Arg-Ala-His-Met-Ala2-OH, has been synthesized by the solid phase method. The all-L peptide has been synthesized previously and shown to possess 36% of ribonuclease S activity when added to ribonuclease S-protein (Komoriya, A. & Chaiken, I.M. (1982) J. Biol. Chem 257, 2599-2604). The synthetic D-peptide was purified by gel filtration and semipreparative reverse phase HPLC. Amino acid composition of the synthetic peptide was in agreement with theory and gas chromatographic analysis showed that no significant racemization had occurred during synthesis. Circular dichroism (CD) studies of the D-peptide showed a peak of positive ellipticity in the 220-230 nm region, whereas a negative ellipticity peak for the L-peptide was observed. The effects of temperature and trifluoroethanol on the far-ultraviolet CD spectra of D- and L-peptides were similar but of opposite sign, confirming the expectation that the D-peptide has the propensity to form an alpha-helical structure which is enantiomeric with respect to that formed by the L-peptide. In the presence of S-protein, the L-peptide showed hydrolytic activity against the substrate cytidine-2':3'-monophosphate, whereas the D-peptide was inactive. Addition of the D-peptide to mixtures of L-peptide and S-protein did not lead to inhibition of enzymatic activity. These results indicate lack of binding of D-peptide to S-protein to produce either an active or inactive species.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/131413
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