The recently introduced fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) system of Pharmacia (Uppsala, Sweden) was employed to isolate rather large peptides derived from thermolysin by selective chemical fragmentation at methionine in positions 120 and 205 of the polypeptide chain of 316 amino acid residues. Thermolysin was cleaved under conditions of limited fragmentation in order to produce, besides fragments 1-120, 121-205 and 206-316, the overlapping fragments 1-205 and 121-316. These polypeptides were separated employing prepacked Mono Q or Mono S columns (quaternary ammonium and sulfonic acid support, respectively). The columns were equilibrated with acetate-7 M urea buffer, pH 5.0 or 6.0, and eluted with a gradient of sodium chloride or acetate. Separations were achieved in 10-20 min and were carried out also at a semi-preparative level (1-3 mg per run). All five protein fragments were isolated in homogeneous form, as judged by amino acid analysis and electrophoresis. Considering that protein fragmentation with cyanogen bromide is the most commonly used procedure to achieve selective chemical fragmentation of a polypeptide chain, these results indicate that FPLC with ionic exchangers can be usefully employed to isolate rather large protein fragments especially suitable for automatic sequence analysis with the sequenator.

Isolation of large peptides derived by cyanogen bromide cleavage of thermolysin using fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC).

VITA, CLAUDIO;DALZOPPO, DANIELE;FONTANA, ANGELO
1984

Abstract

The recently introduced fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) system of Pharmacia (Uppsala, Sweden) was employed to isolate rather large peptides derived from thermolysin by selective chemical fragmentation at methionine in positions 120 and 205 of the polypeptide chain of 316 amino acid residues. Thermolysin was cleaved under conditions of limited fragmentation in order to produce, besides fragments 1-120, 121-205 and 206-316, the overlapping fragments 1-205 and 121-316. These polypeptides were separated employing prepacked Mono Q or Mono S columns (quaternary ammonium and sulfonic acid support, respectively). The columns were equilibrated with acetate-7 M urea buffer, pH 5.0 or 6.0, and eluted with a gradient of sodium chloride or acetate. Separations were achieved in 10-20 min and were carried out also at a semi-preparative level (1-3 mg per run). All five protein fragments were isolated in homogeneous form, as judged by amino acid analysis and electrophoresis. Considering that protein fragmentation with cyanogen bromide is the most commonly used procedure to achieve selective chemical fragmentation of a polypeptide chain, these results indicate that FPLC with ionic exchangers can be usefully employed to isolate rather large protein fragments especially suitable for automatic sequence analysis with the sequenator.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/131416
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