The secondary and tertiary structure of the oligomeric arginase (EC 3.5.3.1) from beef liver was investigated by circular dichroism (CD) and fluorescence measurements. The far-ultraviolet CD spectrum of the enzyme at neutral pH is indicative of high helical content. The intrinsic fluorescence emission of the protein is due to tryptophan, the contribution of tyrosine being small. Upon excitation at 295 nm, the maximum of emission occurs at 330 nm, implying that the tryptophan residues are rather buried in a hydrophobic interior of the protein. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), which inactivates the enzyme by removing the functional Mn2+-ion from the enzyme, does not dissociate the enzyme into subunits, nor affect noticeably its secondary and tertiary structure. Inactivation occurs in the acid pH range, being complete at pH below 4. However, acidification up to pH 1.5 produced only limited changes in the far-ultra-violet CD spectrum and intrinsic fluorescence emission properties. The enzyme shows noteworthy thermal stability, as shown by measuring the residual activity after heating and by evaluating the temperature dependence of the CD signal at 220 nm and the intensity of emission fluorescence. A temperature of half inactivation (Tm) of 77 degrees was determined upon heating the enzyme at pH 7.5 in the presence of Mn2+-ions for 10 min; in the presence of EDTA, Tm is shifted to 55 degrees. Taken together, these observations indicate that the structural stability of beef liver arginase arises from a clustering of hydrophobic amino acids and from Mn2+-ion binding.

Spectroscopic study on the structure and stability of beef liver arginase.

GRANDI, CLAUDIO;DALZOPPO, DANIELE;FONTANA, ANGELO
1983

Abstract

The secondary and tertiary structure of the oligomeric arginase (EC 3.5.3.1) from beef liver was investigated by circular dichroism (CD) and fluorescence measurements. The far-ultraviolet CD spectrum of the enzyme at neutral pH is indicative of high helical content. The intrinsic fluorescence emission of the protein is due to tryptophan, the contribution of tyrosine being small. Upon excitation at 295 nm, the maximum of emission occurs at 330 nm, implying that the tryptophan residues are rather buried in a hydrophobic interior of the protein. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), which inactivates the enzyme by removing the functional Mn2+-ion from the enzyme, does not dissociate the enzyme into subunits, nor affect noticeably its secondary and tertiary structure. Inactivation occurs in the acid pH range, being complete at pH below 4. However, acidification up to pH 1.5 produced only limited changes in the far-ultra-violet CD spectrum and intrinsic fluorescence emission properties. The enzyme shows noteworthy thermal stability, as shown by measuring the residual activity after heating and by evaluating the temperature dependence of the CD signal at 220 nm and the intensity of emission fluorescence. A temperature of half inactivation (Tm) of 77 degrees was determined upon heating the enzyme at pH 7.5 in the presence of Mn2+-ions for 10 min; in the presence of EDTA, Tm is shifted to 55 degrees. Taken together, these observations indicate that the structural stability of beef liver arginase arises from a clustering of hydrophobic amino acids and from Mn2+-ion binding.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/131417
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