We have investigated the effects of arachidonic and palmitic acids in isolated rat liver mitochondria and in rat hepatoma MH1C1 cells. We show that both compounds induce the mitochondrial permeability transition (PT). At variance from palmitic acid, however, arachidonic acid causes a PT at concentrations that do not cause PT-independent depolarization or respiratory inhibition, suggesting a specific effect on the PT pore. When added to intact MH1C1 cells, arachidonic acid but not palmitic acid caused a mitochondrial PT in situ that was accompanied by cytochrome c release and rapidly followed by cell death. All these effects of arachidonic acid could be prevented by cyclosporin A but not by the phospholipase A2 inhibitor aristolochic acid. In contrast, tumor necrosis factor a caused phospholipid hydrolysis, induction of the PT, cytochrome c release, and cell death that could be inhibited by both cyclosporin A and aristolochic acid. These findings suggest that arachidonic acid produced by cytosolic phospholipase A2 may be a mediator of tumor necrosis factor a cytotoxicity in situ through induction of the mitochondrial PT.

Arachidonic Acid is a Potent Inducer of Cell Death through the Mitochondrial Permeability Transition. Implications for TNFalpha apoptotic signaling

SCORRANO, LUCA;PENZO, DANIELE;PAGANO, FRANCESCO;BERNARDI, PAOLO
2001

Abstract

We have investigated the effects of arachidonic and palmitic acids in isolated rat liver mitochondria and in rat hepatoma MH1C1 cells. We show that both compounds induce the mitochondrial permeability transition (PT). At variance from palmitic acid, however, arachidonic acid causes a PT at concentrations that do not cause PT-independent depolarization or respiratory inhibition, suggesting a specific effect on the PT pore. When added to intact MH1C1 cells, arachidonic acid but not palmitic acid caused a mitochondrial PT in situ that was accompanied by cytochrome c release and rapidly followed by cell death. All these effects of arachidonic acid could be prevented by cyclosporin A but not by the phospholipase A2 inhibitor aristolochic acid. In contrast, tumor necrosis factor a caused phospholipid hydrolysis, induction of the PT, cytochrome c release, and cell death that could be inhibited by both cyclosporin A and aristolochic acid. These findings suggest that arachidonic acid produced by cytosolic phospholipase A2 may be a mediator of tumor necrosis factor a cytotoxicity in situ through induction of the mitochondrial PT.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/1334017
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 263
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 252
social impact