An anomalous n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid composition in plasma and erythrocyte membrane phospholipids, namely increased levels of arachidonic acid (AA), has been reported in calcium nephrolithiasis and has been proposed to play an important role in its pathogenesis. To confirm this, in rats we modified phospholipid AA levels by dietary manipulation of the Delta-6-desaturase, the rate-limiting enzyme of the fatty acid biosynthetic pathway, and evaluated the effect on cellular and renal functions predisposing to lithogenesis. Increased AA levels led to conditions at risk for nephrolithiasis: higher oxalate flux and lower sodium cotransport in erythrocytes and a rise in urinary prostaglandin E-2, calcium, sodium, and oxalate levels; reduced AA levels reversed these changes. In vitro, in human erythrocytes the incorporation of exogenous AA into membranes increased band 3 protein phosphorylation directly activating the Ser/Thr protein kinase CK1 and induced a parallel raise in band 3-mediated oxalate transport. These findings demonstrate the pivotal role of phospholipid AA in modulating erythrocyte and renal transport of calcium and oxalate

Dietary manipulation of delta-6-desaturase modifies phospholipid arachidonic acid levels and the urinary excretion of calcium and oxalate in the rat: insorgence of calcium lithogenesis

BORDIN, LUCIANA;SEMPLICINI, ANDREA;CLARI, GIULIO;MANZATO, ENZO;BAGGIO, BRUNO
2000

Abstract

An anomalous n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid composition in plasma and erythrocyte membrane phospholipids, namely increased levels of arachidonic acid (AA), has been reported in calcium nephrolithiasis and has been proposed to play an important role in its pathogenesis. To confirm this, in rats we modified phospholipid AA levels by dietary manipulation of the Delta-6-desaturase, the rate-limiting enzyme of the fatty acid biosynthetic pathway, and evaluated the effect on cellular and renal functions predisposing to lithogenesis. Increased AA levels led to conditions at risk for nephrolithiasis: higher oxalate flux and lower sodium cotransport in erythrocytes and a rise in urinary prostaglandin E-2, calcium, sodium, and oxalate levels; reduced AA levels reversed these changes. In vitro, in human erythrocytes the incorporation of exogenous AA into membranes increased band 3 protein phosphorylation directly activating the Ser/Thr protein kinase CK1 and induced a parallel raise in band 3-mediated oxalate transport. These findings demonstrate the pivotal role of phospholipid AA in modulating erythrocyte and renal transport of calcium and oxalate
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/1338424
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