A detailed crystal chemical study of coexisting olivine, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and spinel from selected Victorian (Australia) lherzolite suites was carried out by means of single crystal x-ray diffraction and electron probe microanalysis to obtain actual site occupancies. The aim of this study was primarily to characterise the intracrystalline configurations and related cation ordering on sites in major mantle constituents. The results demonstrate that cation ordering on sites is subject to distinctive crystallographic controls which depend on the petrological evolution of the suite. Mg- Fe 2 + ordering in M l-M2 pyroxene sites depends on variations of the smaller cations, mainly A1 v~, Ti 4+, Fe 3+, and related configurations of M1. Pressuresensitive A1 "i is crucial to Fe 2 +, the more ordered clinopyroxene showing high A1 vi configurations which tend to exclude the larger bivalent cations and yield small polyhedral volumes for M 1, M 2, T sites and the unit cell. Conversely, the coexisting orthopyroxene, characterised by lower A1 vi configuration and higher M 1 and unit cell volumes, is relatively more disordered. Olivine is consistent with the coexisting clinopyroxene, the more disordered crystals coexisting with more disordered clinopyroxene, while A1-Mg order in the coexisting spinel shows the reverse relationship. Estimated temperatures of apparent equilibration based on current geothermometers are not considered realistic. Assumptions of ideal cation mixing on sites in pyroxene and spinel are not supported.

Intracrystalline relationships in olivine, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and spinel from a suite of spinel lherzolite xenoliths from Mt. Noorat, Victoria, Australia.

SECCO, LUCIANO
1986

Abstract

A detailed crystal chemical study of coexisting olivine, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and spinel from selected Victorian (Australia) lherzolite suites was carried out by means of single crystal x-ray diffraction and electron probe microanalysis to obtain actual site occupancies. The aim of this study was primarily to characterise the intracrystalline configurations and related cation ordering on sites in major mantle constituents. The results demonstrate that cation ordering on sites is subject to distinctive crystallographic controls which depend on the petrological evolution of the suite. Mg- Fe 2 + ordering in M l-M2 pyroxene sites depends on variations of the smaller cations, mainly A1 v~, Ti 4+, Fe 3+, and related configurations of M1. Pressuresensitive A1 "i is crucial to Fe 2 +, the more ordered clinopyroxene showing high A1 vi configurations which tend to exclude the larger bivalent cations and yield small polyhedral volumes for M 1, M 2, T sites and the unit cell. Conversely, the coexisting orthopyroxene, characterised by lower A1 vi configuration and higher M 1 and unit cell volumes, is relatively more disordered. Olivine is consistent with the coexisting clinopyroxene, the more disordered crystals coexisting with more disordered clinopyroxene, while A1-Mg order in the coexisting spinel shows the reverse relationship. Estimated temperatures of apparent equilibration based on current geothermometers are not considered realistic. Assumptions of ideal cation mixing on sites in pyroxene and spinel are not supported.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/134805
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