In this paper we analysed the endogenous IAA levels in carrot cell cultures and in cell culture medium. Free IAA and its conjugates (esters and amides) were measured in cell cultures exposed to different concentrations of 2,4-D (nil, 2,3 and- 92 μmol/L). The three culture conditions determine different physiological conditions of the cell cultures: somatic embryogenesis, unorganised growth and growth under stress, respectively. The results indicate that these two types of IAA conjugates account for 60–70 % of total IAA and buffer the variations of free IAA in a sequential manner. Free IAA is in a steady state relationship with the ester conjugates and the increased synthesis of IAA is initially buffered by IAA-amide. When a certain threshold (750 ng/g) is reached inside the cell by the amide, further increments are buffered by ester IAA. Another result coming from this analysis is that the presence of tryptophan alone in the culture medium is sufficient to sustain, metabolically as well as physiologically, the conditions of proliferation, shifting the state of the cell culture from somatic embryogenesis to unorganised growth.

Auxin metabolism and transport in an embryogenic cell line of Daucus Carota L

MONDIN, ALESSANDRA;LO SCHIAVO, FIORELLA
2000

Abstract

In this paper we analysed the endogenous IAA levels in carrot cell cultures and in cell culture medium. Free IAA and its conjugates (esters and amides) were measured in cell cultures exposed to different concentrations of 2,4-D (nil, 2,3 and- 92 μmol/L). The three culture conditions determine different physiological conditions of the cell cultures: somatic embryogenesis, unorganised growth and growth under stress, respectively. The results indicate that these two types of IAA conjugates account for 60–70 % of total IAA and buffer the variations of free IAA in a sequential manner. Free IAA is in a steady state relationship with the ester conjugates and the increased synthesis of IAA is initially buffered by IAA-amide. When a certain threshold (750 ng/g) is reached inside the cell by the amide, further increments are buffered by ester IAA. Another result coming from this analysis is that the presence of tryptophan alone in the culture medium is sufficient to sustain, metabolically as well as physiologically, the conditions of proliferation, shifting the state of the cell culture from somatic embryogenesis to unorganised growth.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/1351553
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