Aim: An experimental approach to the use of point-of-care testing for cardiac markers in the Emergency Department (ED) of our Institution has been carried out using two devices (SCS, Dade Behring and Triage Cardiac Panel, Biosite Diagnostics) for the measurement of cardiac markers. Results: (1) From the analytical point of view, a fundamental tool for an efficient management of patients was the agreement between results from point-of-care testing and from the instruments located in STAT lab and/or central laboratory: in about 5% of patients, a lack of comparability of data, resulted in an inappropriate admission of patients (medical vs. intensive care unit). (2) The actual total turnaround time (TAT) in the management of samples sent to STAT lab was estimated to be equal to 82.5 min (50th percentile). (3) In the same organizational setting, the use of a point-of-care device produced a turnaround time equal to 17 min (50th percentile). (4) The reduction in turnaround time resulted in a faster discharge for five patients who had normal ECO findings and cardiac marker values, the Delta time (POCT-STAT lab) ranging from - 10 to - 70 min. Conclusions: The point-of-care option evaluated also in relation to personnel issues for staff working in the ED, brought some interesting questions about the characteristics of POCT devices (easy to use 100%, safety for operator 91%) and the obtained results (quantitative and correlated to STAT lab, 91 %), as well as the need of other options such as the implementation of rapid tube sample delivery. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science BN. All rights reserved.

Point-of-care testing of cardiac markers: results from an experience in an Emergency Department

ZANINOTTO, MARTINA;CARRARO, PAOLO;PLEBANI, MARIO
2001

Abstract

Aim: An experimental approach to the use of point-of-care testing for cardiac markers in the Emergency Department (ED) of our Institution has been carried out using two devices (SCS, Dade Behring and Triage Cardiac Panel, Biosite Diagnostics) for the measurement of cardiac markers. Results: (1) From the analytical point of view, a fundamental tool for an efficient management of patients was the agreement between results from point-of-care testing and from the instruments located in STAT lab and/or central laboratory: in about 5% of patients, a lack of comparability of data, resulted in an inappropriate admission of patients (medical vs. intensive care unit). (2) The actual total turnaround time (TAT) in the management of samples sent to STAT lab was estimated to be equal to 82.5 min (50th percentile). (3) In the same organizational setting, the use of a point-of-care device produced a turnaround time equal to 17 min (50th percentile). (4) The reduction in turnaround time resulted in a faster discharge for five patients who had normal ECO findings and cardiac marker values, the Delta time (POCT-STAT lab) ranging from - 10 to - 70 min. Conclusions: The point-of-care option evaluated also in relation to personnel issues for staff working in the ED, brought some interesting questions about the characteristics of POCT devices (easy to use 100%, safety for operator 91%) and the obtained results (quantitative and correlated to STAT lab, 91 %), as well as the need of other options such as the implementation of rapid tube sample delivery. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science BN. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/1360781
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