Lupus anticoagulants (LA) are immunoglobulins which inhibit phospholipid (PL)-dependent coagulation tests. LA are not specific, as they may reflect the presence of antibodies to human prothrombin, human beta(2)-Glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI), an association of previous antibodies or other antibodies. Antibodies to human beta(2)GPI act as in vitro anticoagulants by enhancing the binding of beta(2)GPI to PL, and this binding may be influenced by calcium ion concentration. A reduction in final calcium concentration, from 10 mm to 5 mm, increased coagulation times in both dilute Russell Viper Venom Time (dRVVT) and dilute Prothrombin Time (dPT) when plasmas of patients with antibeta(2)GPI antibodies were used. Ten LA patients showed increased dRVVT and dPT ratios from means of 1.5 to 1.7 (P < 0.001) and 2.4 to 4.3 (P = 0.002), respectively. Instead, all LA-positive antibeta(2)GPI antibody-negative patients showed decreased coagulation times from mean ratios of 1.5 to 1.3 (P = 0.004) in dRVVT and from 2.0 to 1.5 (P = 0.01) in dPT. These results are confirmed by running dRVVT of normal plasma spiked with affinity purified IgG antibeta(2)GPI antibodies. Therefore, when a PL-dependent coagulation test is run twice, at different final calcium concentrations, antibeta(2)GPI LA can be identified.

A two-step coagulation test to identify antibeta-glycoprotein I lupus anticoagulants

PENGO, VITTORIO;BIASIOLO, ALESSANDRA;ILICETO, SABINO
2004

Abstract

Lupus anticoagulants (LA) are immunoglobulins which inhibit phospholipid (PL)-dependent coagulation tests. LA are not specific, as they may reflect the presence of antibodies to human prothrombin, human beta(2)-Glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI), an association of previous antibodies or other antibodies. Antibodies to human beta(2)GPI act as in vitro anticoagulants by enhancing the binding of beta(2)GPI to PL, and this binding may be influenced by calcium ion concentration. A reduction in final calcium concentration, from 10 mm to 5 mm, increased coagulation times in both dilute Russell Viper Venom Time (dRVVT) and dilute Prothrombin Time (dPT) when plasmas of patients with antibeta(2)GPI antibodies were used. Ten LA patients showed increased dRVVT and dPT ratios from means of 1.5 to 1.7 (P < 0.001) and 2.4 to 4.3 (P = 0.002), respectively. Instead, all LA-positive antibeta(2)GPI antibody-negative patients showed decreased coagulation times from mean ratios of 1.5 to 1.3 (P = 0.004) in dRVVT and from 2.0 to 1.5 (P = 0.01) in dPT. These results are confirmed by running dRVVT of normal plasma spiked with affinity purified IgG antibeta(2)GPI antibodies. Therefore, when a PL-dependent coagulation test is run twice, at different final calcium concentrations, antibeta(2)GPI LA can be identified.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/1361514
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