An efficient procedure for plantlet regeneration from chicory mesophyll protoplasts has been developed in order to perform protoplast fusion experiments. Protoplasts were isolated from a genotype of Italian red chicory (CH 363) and purified by centrifugation in a solution containing 13% (w/v) sucrose to collect uniform protoplasts in size. After 2 days culture at a density of 2x104 protoplasts ml-1 of liquid medium, protoplasts were cultured following three different procedures: in liquid medium, stratified in semi-solid medium, and embedded in Ca-alginate droplets. Four different media were used and culture procedures were evaluated recording the protoplast viability, protoplast division frequency and plating efficiency for each experiment. The embedding of protoplasts in Ca-alginate droplets enhanced both division frequency and plating efficiency for chicory mesophyll cells. Furthermore, this procedure shortened the cycle of plant regeneration from protoplasts, which could be completed in eight weeks.

An efficient and rapid procedure for plantlets regeneration from chicory mesophyll protoplasts

VAROTTO, SERENA;LUCCHIN, MARGHERITA;PARRINI, PAOLO
2000

Abstract

An efficient procedure for plantlet regeneration from chicory mesophyll protoplasts has been developed in order to perform protoplast fusion experiments. Protoplasts were isolated from a genotype of Italian red chicory (CH 363) and purified by centrifugation in a solution containing 13% (w/v) sucrose to collect uniform protoplasts in size. After 2 days culture at a density of 2x104 protoplasts ml-1 of liquid medium, protoplasts were cultured following three different procedures: in liquid medium, stratified in semi-solid medium, and embedded in Ca-alginate droplets. Four different media were used and culture procedures were evaluated recording the protoplast viability, protoplast division frequency and plating efficiency for each experiment. The embedding of protoplasts in Ca-alginate droplets enhanced both division frequency and plating efficiency for chicory mesophyll cells. Furthermore, this procedure shortened the cycle of plant regeneration from protoplasts, which could be completed in eight weeks.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/1362381
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