Lysine salts are often used in human pharmaceuticals to increase the solubility and absorption of acidic drugs when these are administered parenterally. In this study the intramuscular bioavailability of ketoprofen administered as the lysine salt was evaluated in horses (n = 5) treated intravenously and intramuscularly (2.2 mg/kg active substance) in a cross-over study. The absorption rate of ketoprofen administered as the lysine salt was rather low: the mean residence time increased from 31.7 min after IV injection to 128.9 min (after IM injection), and the bioavailability was high (mean 92.4%). The calculated steady state plasma concentrations of ketoprofen during multiple dosage were much higher after intramuscular (0.106 g/ml) than after intravenous (0.066 microgram/ml) administration. Intramuscular injections of the ketoprofen lysine salt can therefore be given to horses, which are particularly prone to develop soft tissue reactions, since use of the lysine salt markedly reduced local irritation at the injection site

Intramuscular bioavailbility of Ketoprofen lysine salt in horses

MONTESISSA, CLARA;
1997

Abstract

Lysine salts are often used in human pharmaceuticals to increase the solubility and absorption of acidic drugs when these are administered parenterally. In this study the intramuscular bioavailability of ketoprofen administered as the lysine salt was evaluated in horses (n = 5) treated intravenously and intramuscularly (2.2 mg/kg active substance) in a cross-over study. The absorption rate of ketoprofen administered as the lysine salt was rather low: the mean residence time increased from 31.7 min after IV injection to 128.9 min (after IM injection), and the bioavailability was high (mean 92.4%). The calculated steady state plasma concentrations of ketoprofen during multiple dosage were much higher after intramuscular (0.106 g/ml) than after intravenous (0.066 microgram/ml) administration. Intramuscular injections of the ketoprofen lysine salt can therefore be given to horses, which are particularly prone to develop soft tissue reactions, since use of the lysine salt markedly reduced local irritation at the injection site
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/137240
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