We studied long-term variability of QT-dispersion in three patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (Maron III) and ventricular fibrillation. Late potentials were absent on signal-averaged electrocardiogram. ST-segment depression was recorded in all three patients at Holter monitoring, and in two during exercise stress testing, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia was present in only one patient. The maximal correct QT-interval and corrected QT-dispersion (QTcd) were measured retrospectively, both off-drug and under treatment with amiodarone and beta-blocker (two patients), or sotalol alone (one patient). Ten age- and sex-matched normal subjects, and 13 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients without ventricular arrhythmias formed the control groups. QTcd-values in the control groups never exceeded 80 ms and mean values of 30.1 +/- 10.1 ms and 44.1 +/- 7.9 ms respectively, were found. During long-term follow-up, QTcd increased progressively in two of the three patients with ventricular fibrillation, and at the time of the event all showed a value > 100 ms. Sotalol, but not the amiodarone reduced QTcd. QTcd seems to be a powerful predictor of ventricular electrical instability in the absence of other specific markers, and a promising guide for effective pharmacological therapy.

QT-interval variability in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with cardiac arrest

BUJA, GIANFRANCO;MELACINI, PAOLA;FASOLI, GIUSEPPE;NAVA, ANDREA
1994

Abstract

We studied long-term variability of QT-dispersion in three patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (Maron III) and ventricular fibrillation. Late potentials were absent on signal-averaged electrocardiogram. ST-segment depression was recorded in all three patients at Holter monitoring, and in two during exercise stress testing, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia was present in only one patient. The maximal correct QT-interval and corrected QT-dispersion (QTcd) were measured retrospectively, both off-drug and under treatment with amiodarone and beta-blocker (two patients), or sotalol alone (one patient). Ten age- and sex-matched normal subjects, and 13 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients without ventricular arrhythmias formed the control groups. QTcd-values in the control groups never exceeded 80 ms and mean values of 30.1 +/- 10.1 ms and 44.1 +/- 7.9 ms respectively, were found. During long-term follow-up, QTcd increased progressively in two of the three patients with ventricular fibrillation, and at the time of the event all showed a value > 100 ms. Sotalol, but not the amiodarone reduced QTcd. QTcd seems to be a powerful predictor of ventricular electrical instability in the absence of other specific markers, and a promising guide for effective pharmacological therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/137302
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