Trichogin GA IV, an 11-residue lipopeptaibol blocked at the N-terminus by an n-octanoyl group and at the C-terminus by a 1,2-amino alcohol (l-leucinol), extracted from the fungus Trichoderma longibrachiatum, exhibits remarkable membrane-modifying properties. We have synthesized trichogin GA IV and several [l-Leu-OMe11] analogs carrying at the N-terminus an acyl chain of variable length (C2−C8, C10, C12, C14, C16, C18). A succinoylated head-to-head dimer was also prepared. A conformational analysis, carried out by FTIR absorption, CD, and NMR, showed that the right-handed helical structure of the natural lipopeptaibol is essentially preserved in all its analogs. Permeability measurements revealed that at least six carbon atoms in the Nα-blocking fatty acyl moiety are required for the onset of significant membrane-modifying properties. Also the head-to-head dimer is remarkably active. Possible models for the mechanism of membrane permeability of trichogin GA IV are discussed.

Effect of N-alpha-acyl chain length on the membrane-modifying properties of synthetic analogs of the lipopeptaibol trichogin GA IV

TONIOLO, CLAUDIO;FORMAGGIO, FERNANDO;PEGGION, CRISTINA;
1996

Abstract

Trichogin GA IV, an 11-residue lipopeptaibol blocked at the N-terminus by an n-octanoyl group and at the C-terminus by a 1,2-amino alcohol (l-leucinol), extracted from the fungus Trichoderma longibrachiatum, exhibits remarkable membrane-modifying properties. We have synthesized trichogin GA IV and several [l-Leu-OMe11] analogs carrying at the N-terminus an acyl chain of variable length (C2−C8, C10, C12, C14, C16, C18). A succinoylated head-to-head dimer was also prepared. A conformational analysis, carried out by FTIR absorption, CD, and NMR, showed that the right-handed helical structure of the natural lipopeptaibol is essentially preserved in all its analogs. Permeability measurements revealed that at least six carbon atoms in the Nα-blocking fatty acyl moiety are required for the onset of significant membrane-modifying properties. Also the head-to-head dimer is remarkably active. Possible models for the mechanism of membrane permeability of trichogin GA IV are discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/141338
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