The rate of uncoupler-induced Ca2+ efflux from rat liver mitochondria is increased by acetate and decreased by phosphate. This effect depends on a shift of the apparent Km, which is increased by phosphate and decreased by acetate, while the Vmax is not modified. The modification of the apparent Km by permeant anions presumably reflects changes in the concentration of matrix free Ca2+. A major part of uncoupler-induced Ca2+ efflux is sensitive to Ruthenium Red, the specific inhibitor of the Ca2+ uniporter , but an apparent insensitivity is observed when the H+ permeability is rate limiting in the process of Ca2+ efflux. The titer of uncoupler required for maximal stimulation of Ca2+ efflux increases with the Ca2+ load and may be 1-2 orders of magnitude higher than that required for maximal stimulation of respiration. On the other hand, when the uncoupler concentration is raised above 10(-6) M, the process of Ca2+ efflux becomes again Ruthenium Red insensitive. The Ruthenium Red inhibition of uncoupler-induced Ca2+ efflux is time dependent, in that the degree of inhibition exerted by low amounts of Ruthenium Red increases with the incubation time. Since the inhibition of the rate of Ca2+ influx undergoes a parallel relief, it is possible that Ruthenium Red moves from the cytosolic to the matrix side of the inner membrane. It is concluded that, in native mitochondria, uncoupler-induced Ca2+ efflux occurs via reversal of the uniport Ca2+ carrier, and not through activation of an independent pathway.

Pathway for Uncoupler-Induced Ca2+ Efflux in Rat Liver Mitochondria: Inhibition by Ruthenium Red

BERNARDI, PAOLO;POZZAN, TULLIO;
1984

Abstract

The rate of uncoupler-induced Ca2+ efflux from rat liver mitochondria is increased by acetate and decreased by phosphate. This effect depends on a shift of the apparent Km, which is increased by phosphate and decreased by acetate, while the Vmax is not modified. The modification of the apparent Km by permeant anions presumably reflects changes in the concentration of matrix free Ca2+. A major part of uncoupler-induced Ca2+ efflux is sensitive to Ruthenium Red, the specific inhibitor of the Ca2+ uniporter , but an apparent insensitivity is observed when the H+ permeability is rate limiting in the process of Ca2+ efflux. The titer of uncoupler required for maximal stimulation of Ca2+ efflux increases with the Ca2+ load and may be 1-2 orders of magnitude higher than that required for maximal stimulation of respiration. On the other hand, when the uncoupler concentration is raised above 10(-6) M, the process of Ca2+ efflux becomes again Ruthenium Red insensitive. The Ruthenium Red inhibition of uncoupler-induced Ca2+ efflux is time dependent, in that the degree of inhibition exerted by low amounts of Ruthenium Red increases with the incubation time. Since the inhibition of the rate of Ca2+ influx undergoes a parallel relief, it is possible that Ruthenium Red moves from the cytosolic to the matrix side of the inner membrane. It is concluded that, in native mitochondria, uncoupler-induced Ca2+ efflux occurs via reversal of the uniport Ca2+ carrier, and not through activation of an independent pathway.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/141893
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