Mitochondria possess an inner membrane channel, the permeability transition pore, which is inhibited by cyclosporin A (CsA) and by matrix protons. As suggested recently by our laboratory, pore closure by these inhibitors may be due to dissociation of mitochondrial cyclophilin (CyP-M), a matrix peptidyl-prolyl-cis-trans isomerase, from its putative binding site on the pore. Unbinding of CyP-M would follow a CsA-dependent or proton-dependent change in conformation of the CyP-M molecule. It is interesting that upon binding of CsA the enzymatic activity of CyP-M is inhibited, but it is not clear whether this event plays a role in pore inhibition. Here we report experiments designed to further test the role of CyP-M in pore function. Our results indicate that CyP-M-dependent and independent mechanisms of pore activation may exist, and that the peptidylprolyl-cis-trans-isomerase activity of CyP-M is not necessarily involved in pore modulation by CyP-M.

Two Modes of Activation of the Permeability Transition Pore: The Role of Mitochondrial Cyclophilin

SCORRANO, LUCA;BERNARDI, PAOLO
1997

Abstract

Mitochondria possess an inner membrane channel, the permeability transition pore, which is inhibited by cyclosporin A (CsA) and by matrix protons. As suggested recently by our laboratory, pore closure by these inhibitors may be due to dissociation of mitochondrial cyclophilin (CyP-M), a matrix peptidyl-prolyl-cis-trans isomerase, from its putative binding site on the pore. Unbinding of CyP-M would follow a CsA-dependent or proton-dependent change in conformation of the CyP-M molecule. It is interesting that upon binding of CsA the enzymatic activity of CyP-M is inhibited, but it is not clear whether this event plays a role in pore inhibition. Here we report experiments designed to further test the role of CyP-M in pore function. Our results indicate that CyP-M-dependent and independent mechanisms of pore activation may exist, and that the peptidylprolyl-cis-trans-isomerase activity of CyP-M is not necessarily involved in pore modulation by CyP-M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/142208
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