DFNB1 deafness, caused by mutations in the gene encoding connexin-26 (GJB2), is the most frequent subtype of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing impairment. Molecular testing for GJB2 mutations has become a standard diagnostic approach for subjects with this disorder. However, 10–50% of affected subjects with GJB2 mutations carry only one mutant allele. N A 309 kb deletion truncating the GJB6 gene (encoding connexin-30) was shown to be the accompanying mutation in up to 50% of deaf GJB2 heterozygotes in different populations. We report the molecular characterisation of the breakpoint junction of a novel 232 kb deletion in the DFNB1 locus, del(GJB6-D13S1854), which was also found in trans with pathogenic GJB2 mutations in affected subjects. The deletion arose by unequal homologous recombination, involving an AluY sequence inside GJB6 intron 2, a mechanism which might generate other deletions at DFNB1. N We developed a novel diagnostic test for the combined detection of del(GJB6-D13S1830) and this new del(GJB6-D13S1854) in a single PCR assay. The del(GJB6-D13S1854) mutation accounts for 25.5% of the affected GJB2 heterozygotes which remained unresolved after screening for del(GJB6-D13S1830) in Spain, 22.2% in the UK, 6.3% in Brazil, and 1.9% in northern Italy. It was not found in affected GJB2 heterozygotes from France, Belgium, Israel, the Palestinian Authority, USA, or Australia. N Haplotype analysis revealed a common founder for the mutation in Spain, Italy, and the UK. Our data further support the complexity of the genetic epidemiology of non-syndromic hearing impairment.

A novel deletion involving the Connexin-30 gene, del(GJB6-D13S1854) found in trans with mutations in the GJB2 gene (Connexin 26) in subjects with DFNB1 non syndromic hearing impairment

LEONARDI E;MURGIA, ALESSANDRA;
2005

Abstract

DFNB1 deafness, caused by mutations in the gene encoding connexin-26 (GJB2), is the most frequent subtype of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing impairment. Molecular testing for GJB2 mutations has become a standard diagnostic approach for subjects with this disorder. However, 10–50% of affected subjects with GJB2 mutations carry only one mutant allele. N A 309 kb deletion truncating the GJB6 gene (encoding connexin-30) was shown to be the accompanying mutation in up to 50% of deaf GJB2 heterozygotes in different populations. We report the molecular characterisation of the breakpoint junction of a novel 232 kb deletion in the DFNB1 locus, del(GJB6-D13S1854), which was also found in trans with pathogenic GJB2 mutations in affected subjects. The deletion arose by unequal homologous recombination, involving an AluY sequence inside GJB6 intron 2, a mechanism which might generate other deletions at DFNB1. N We developed a novel diagnostic test for the combined detection of del(GJB6-D13S1830) and this new del(GJB6-D13S1854) in a single PCR assay. The del(GJB6-D13S1854) mutation accounts for 25.5% of the affected GJB2 heterozygotes which remained unresolved after screening for del(GJB6-D13S1830) in Spain, 22.2% in the UK, 6.3% in Brazil, and 1.9% in northern Italy. It was not found in affected GJB2 heterozygotes from France, Belgium, Israel, the Palestinian Authority, USA, or Australia. N Haplotype analysis revealed a common founder for the mutation in Spain, Italy, and the UK. Our data further support the complexity of the genetic epidemiology of non-syndromic hearing impairment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/1424714
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