A morphological analysis using radiography and computed tomography was performed in a total of 17 bone segments following single or double bone transport in 11 and 3 patients, respectively. All bone transports involved the tibia, with the exception of 2 single bone transports, which were femoral. The following parameters were measured: cortical wall thickness, sectional area of the medullary canal, and density of the cortical bone and medullary canal in Hounsfield units (H.U.). The regenerated segments showed a cortical thickness and density that were less than the contralateral portion, with an enlargement of the medullary canal and an increase in density due to the presence of cancellous bone in the medullary area. Successive controls showed an increase in thickness and density of the cortical bone and a small reduction in the diameter of the medullary canal and its cancellous bone. The variations in the cortical and the medullary canal apperead to be independent of the length of the regenerated segment. In the 3 tibia treated by double bone transport, the anatomical variations in the distal regenerated portion varied less than from normal values than the proximal portion of the same segment. In the 2 femurs examined, enlargement of the regenerated section was smaller with respect to cases involving regeneration of the proximal tibia. These differences are presumably dependent on the fact that in the latter case, a more vascularized segment is produced after osteotomy in spongy bone, with respect to those involving the distal tibia or femur. Double transport is preferable due to the reduced treatment times.

Ct evaluation of regenerated osseous segments following bone transport

IACOBELLIS, CLAUDIO;
2004

Abstract

A morphological analysis using radiography and computed tomography was performed in a total of 17 bone segments following single or double bone transport in 11 and 3 patients, respectively. All bone transports involved the tibia, with the exception of 2 single bone transports, which were femoral. The following parameters were measured: cortical wall thickness, sectional area of the medullary canal, and density of the cortical bone and medullary canal in Hounsfield units (H.U.). The regenerated segments showed a cortical thickness and density that were less than the contralateral portion, with an enlargement of the medullary canal and an increase in density due to the presence of cancellous bone in the medullary area. Successive controls showed an increase in thickness and density of the cortical bone and a small reduction in the diameter of the medullary canal and its cancellous bone. The variations in the cortical and the medullary canal apperead to be independent of the length of the regenerated segment. In the 3 tibia treated by double bone transport, the anatomical variations in the distal regenerated portion varied less than from normal values than the proximal portion of the same segment. In the 2 femurs examined, enlargement of the regenerated section was smaller with respect to cases involving regeneration of the proximal tibia. These differences are presumably dependent on the fact that in the latter case, a more vascularized segment is produced after osteotomy in spongy bone, with respect to those involving the distal tibia or femur. Double transport is preferable due to the reduced treatment times.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/1465875
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