Th e notion of proposition is pivotal in many areas of philosophy and, in particular, in philosophy of language for the close connection that links it to other notions such as reference, meaning, truth and understanding1. Even though the debate on propositions and the claim that there are things like them can be traced back to the time of Plato, it is by no means from such fi gures as Bolzano, Frege, Moore and the early Russell that the current debate originates. According to the traditional picture a proposition is: A. Expressed in a given context by an utterance of a declarative sentence. Propositions, according to (A) are the objects of the acts of assertion. B. Primarily true or false. Propositions, according to (B), are what enters into logical relations like entailment, compatibility and incompatibility. C. Something people bear cognitive relations to. Propositions, according to (C) are the referents of the that-clauses in the propositional attitudes reports. Th is threefold characterisation off ers the possibility to provide a functional characterization of the notion of proposition as that entity, whatever it may be, which plays the roles specified in (A)–(C).

Propositions. An introduction

CARRARA, MASSIMILIANO;SACCHI, ELISABETTA
2006

Abstract

Th e notion of proposition is pivotal in many areas of philosophy and, in particular, in philosophy of language for the close connection that links it to other notions such as reference, meaning, truth and understanding1. Even though the debate on propositions and the claim that there are things like them can be traced back to the time of Plato, it is by no means from such fi gures as Bolzano, Frege, Moore and the early Russell that the current debate originates. According to the traditional picture a proposition is: A. Expressed in a given context by an utterance of a declarative sentence. Propositions, according to (A) are the objects of the acts of assertion. B. Primarily true or false. Propositions, according to (B), are what enters into logical relations like entailment, compatibility and incompatibility. C. Something people bear cognitive relations to. Propositions, according to (C) are the referents of the that-clauses in the propositional attitudes reports. Th is threefold characterisation off ers the possibility to provide a functional characterization of the notion of proposition as that entity, whatever it may be, which plays the roles specified in (A)–(C).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/1561341
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