TSG101 was discovered in a screen for tumor susceptibility genes and has since been shown to have a multiplicity of biological effects. However, the basis for TSG101's ability to regulate cell growth has not been elucidated. We report here that the TSG101 protein binds to the cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor (CKI) p21(Cip1/WAF1) and increases stability of the p21 protein in HEK293F cells and differentiating primary keratinocytes, suppressing differentiation in a p21-dependent manner. In proliferating keratinocytes where the p21 protein is relatively stable, TSG101 does not affect the stability or expression of p21 but shows p21-dependent recruitment to cyclin/CDK complexes, inhibits cyclin/CDK activity, and causes strong growth suppression to a much greater extent in p21+/+ than in p21-/- cells. Conversely, suppression of endogenous TSG101 expression by an antisense TSG101 cDNA causes doubling of the fraction of keratinocytes in the S phase of the cell cycle as occurs during p21 deficiency. Our results indicate that TSG101 has a direct role in the control of growth and differentiation in primary epithelial cells, and that p21 is an important mediator of these TSG101 functions.

Negative regulation of cell growth and differentiation by TSG101 through association with p21(Cip1/WAF1)

MAMMUCARI, CRISTINA;
2002

Abstract

TSG101 was discovered in a screen for tumor susceptibility genes and has since been shown to have a multiplicity of biological effects. However, the basis for TSG101's ability to regulate cell growth has not been elucidated. We report here that the TSG101 protein binds to the cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor (CKI) p21(Cip1/WAF1) and increases stability of the p21 protein in HEK293F cells and differentiating primary keratinocytes, suppressing differentiation in a p21-dependent manner. In proliferating keratinocytes where the p21 protein is relatively stable, TSG101 does not affect the stability or expression of p21 but shows p21-dependent recruitment to cyclin/CDK complexes, inhibits cyclin/CDK activity, and causes strong growth suppression to a much greater extent in p21+/+ than in p21-/- cells. Conversely, suppression of endogenous TSG101 expression by an antisense TSG101 cDNA causes doubling of the fraction of keratinocytes in the S phase of the cell cycle as occurs during p21 deficiency. Our results indicate that TSG101 has a direct role in the control of growth and differentiation in primary epithelial cells, and that p21 is an important mediator of these TSG101 functions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/156473
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