Expression of c-MET, the HGF (hepatocyte growth factor) tyrosine kinase receptor, was investigated in pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. c-MET was found to be expressed in normal B cells and in B-ALL patients with the t(12;21) TEL-AML1 translocation, but it is not expressed in the most part of B-ALL without the t(12;21). We also found that c-MET, related to proliferation and protection from apoptosis, is associated with the pro-apoptotic protein FAS in TEL-AML1 B-ALL cells and in normal B lymphocytes. The possible role of this protein complex in drug-induced apoptosis was thus investigated in REH TEL-AML1 B-ALL cell line. REH cells prestimulated with HGF and treated with doxorubicin had shown a higher apoptotic rate than non-HGF-prestimulated ones (p = 0.03). REH cells stimulated with IL-3 and treated with doxorubicin did not undergo apoptosis more than nonstimulated cells, demonstrating that increased proliferation in itself is not directly related to the higher apoptotic sensitivity observed with HGF stimulation. These results indicate that c-MET activation enhances specifically FAS-mediated apoptosis in TEL-AML1 ALL cells and, considering that the c-MET/FAS complex is present only in normal B lymphocytes and in TEL-AML1 leukemias, this implies that it may have an important contribution in cellular homeostasis and in high sensitivity of TEL-AML1 ALL to chemotherapeutic regimens.

Hepatocyte growth factor receptor c-MET is associated with FAS when activated enhances drug-induced apoptosis in pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia with TEL-AML1 translocation.

TE KRONNIE, GEERTRUDY;BASSO, GIUSEPPE
2007

Abstract

Expression of c-MET, the HGF (hepatocyte growth factor) tyrosine kinase receptor, was investigated in pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. c-MET was found to be expressed in normal B cells and in B-ALL patients with the t(12;21) TEL-AML1 translocation, but it is not expressed in the most part of B-ALL without the t(12;21). We also found that c-MET, related to proliferation and protection from apoptosis, is associated with the pro-apoptotic protein FAS in TEL-AML1 B-ALL cells and in normal B lymphocytes. The possible role of this protein complex in drug-induced apoptosis was thus investigated in REH TEL-AML1 B-ALL cell line. REH cells prestimulated with HGF and treated with doxorubicin had shown a higher apoptotic rate than non-HGF-prestimulated ones (p = 0.03). REH cells stimulated with IL-3 and treated with doxorubicin did not undergo apoptosis more than nonstimulated cells, demonstrating that increased proliferation in itself is not directly related to the higher apoptotic sensitivity observed with HGF stimulation. These results indicate that c-MET activation enhances specifically FAS-mediated apoptosis in TEL-AML1 ALL cells and, considering that the c-MET/FAS complex is present only in normal B lymphocytes and in TEL-AML1 leukemias, this implies that it may have an important contribution in cellular homeostasis and in high sensitivity of TEL-AML1 ALL to chemotherapeutic regimens.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/1772471
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