Although G protein-coupled MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors are expressed in neurons of the mammalian brain including in humans, relatively little is known about the influence of native MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors on neuronal melatonin signaling. Whereas human cerebellar granule cells (CGC) express only MT1 receptors, mouse CGC express both MT1 and MT2. To study the effects of altered neuronal MT1/MT2 receptors, we used CGC cultures prepared from immature cerebella of wild-type mice (MT1/MT2 CGC) and MT1- and MT2-knockout mice (MT2 and MT1 CGC, respectively). Here we report that in MT1/MT2 cultures, physiological (low nanomolar) concentrations of melatonin decrease the activity (phosphorylation) of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) whereas a micromolar concentration was ineffective. Both MT1 and MT2 deficiencies transformed the melatonin inhibition of ERK into melatonin-induced ERK activation. In MT1/MT2 CGC, 1 nM melatonin inhibited serine/threonine kinase Akt, whereas in MT1 and MT2 CGC, this concentration was ineffective. Under these conditions, both MT1 and MT2 deficiencies prevented melatonin from inhibiting forskolin-stimulated cAMP levels and cFos immunoreactivity. We demonstrated that selective removal of native neuronal MT1 and MT2 receptors has a profound effect on the intracellular actions of low/physiological concentrations of melatonin. Since the expression of MT1 and MT2 receptors is cell-type-specific and species-dependent, we postulate that the pattern of expression of neuronal melatonin receptor types in different brain areas and cells could determine the capabilities of endogenous melatonin in regulating neuronal functioning.

Melatonin signaling in mouse cerebellar granule cells with variable native MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors

IMBESI, MARTA;GIUSTI, PIETRO;
2008

Abstract

Although G protein-coupled MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors are expressed in neurons of the mammalian brain including in humans, relatively little is known about the influence of native MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors on neuronal melatonin signaling. Whereas human cerebellar granule cells (CGC) express only MT1 receptors, mouse CGC express both MT1 and MT2. To study the effects of altered neuronal MT1/MT2 receptors, we used CGC cultures prepared from immature cerebella of wild-type mice (MT1/MT2 CGC) and MT1- and MT2-knockout mice (MT2 and MT1 CGC, respectively). Here we report that in MT1/MT2 cultures, physiological (low nanomolar) concentrations of melatonin decrease the activity (phosphorylation) of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) whereas a micromolar concentration was ineffective. Both MT1 and MT2 deficiencies transformed the melatonin inhibition of ERK into melatonin-induced ERK activation. In MT1/MT2 CGC, 1 nM melatonin inhibited serine/threonine kinase Akt, whereas in MT1 and MT2 CGC, this concentration was ineffective. Under these conditions, both MT1 and MT2 deficiencies prevented melatonin from inhibiting forskolin-stimulated cAMP levels and cFos immunoreactivity. We demonstrated that selective removal of native neuronal MT1 and MT2 receptors has a profound effect on the intracellular actions of low/physiological concentrations of melatonin. Since the expression of MT1 and MT2 receptors is cell-type-specific and species-dependent, we postulate that the pattern of expression of neuronal melatonin receptor types in different brain areas and cells could determine the capabilities of endogenous melatonin in regulating neuronal functioning.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2267002
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