Long-term choroidal vascular changes after iodine brachytherapy versus transpupillary thermotherapy for choroidal melanoma. Pilotto E, Vujosevic S, De Belvis V, Parrozzani R, Boccassini B, Midena E. SourceDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. elisabetta.pilotto@unipd.it Abstract PURPOSE: To compare long-term choroidal vascular changes after iodine-125 brachytherapy (IBT) versus transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) used as primary treatment of small choroidal melanoma. METHODS: Ninety-five small choroidal melanomas were randomized: 49 eyes with TTT and 46 eyes with IBT alone. Fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) were performed at 3-month intervals during the first year, and every 6 months thereafter. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 56.2 months (range, 24-118 months; SD, 22.6). Tumor regressed in 45 (92%) TTT-treated vs 45 (98%) IBT-treated eyes (p=0.397). Four TTT-treated and one IBT-treated tumor recurred. Occlusion of choriocapillaris was present in all TTT and IBT cases. Closure of medium and large choroidal vessels was observed in 17 (35%) TTT-treated vs 44 (96%) IBT-treated eyes (p<0.001). Choroidal vascular remodeling was detected in 20 (41%) TTT-treated and 16 (35%) IBT-treated eyes (p=0.693). Retinochoroidal anastomosis was present in 4 of the 37 (11%) TTT-treated eyes with patency of medium and large choroidal vessels, but never observed in the IBT-treated eyes, and was associated with tumor recurrence. Among IBT-treated eyes, segments of choroidal vascular wall ICG staining and choroidal aneurysmal changes were detected in 30 (65%) and 7 (15%), respectively. These changes were never detected in TTT-treated cases (p<0.0001 and p=0.015, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of tumor choroidal vascular changes following IBT and TTT differs. TTT is less effective in closing all tumor vasculature. The role of long-term choroidal vascular remodeling observed after these two treatments needs longer follow-up. PMID: 19551682 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Long-term choroidal vascular changes after iodine brachytherapy versus transpupillary thermotherapy for choroidal melanoma.

PILOTTO, ELISABETTA;VUJOSEVIC, STELA;PARROZZANI, RAFFAELE;MIDENA, EDOARDO
2009

Abstract

Long-term choroidal vascular changes after iodine brachytherapy versus transpupillary thermotherapy for choroidal melanoma. Pilotto E, Vujosevic S, De Belvis V, Parrozzani R, Boccassini B, Midena E. SourceDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. elisabetta.pilotto@unipd.it Abstract PURPOSE: To compare long-term choroidal vascular changes after iodine-125 brachytherapy (IBT) versus transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) used as primary treatment of small choroidal melanoma. METHODS: Ninety-five small choroidal melanomas were randomized: 49 eyes with TTT and 46 eyes with IBT alone. Fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) were performed at 3-month intervals during the first year, and every 6 months thereafter. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 56.2 months (range, 24-118 months; SD, 22.6). Tumor regressed in 45 (92%) TTT-treated vs 45 (98%) IBT-treated eyes (p=0.397). Four TTT-treated and one IBT-treated tumor recurred. Occlusion of choriocapillaris was present in all TTT and IBT cases. Closure of medium and large choroidal vessels was observed in 17 (35%) TTT-treated vs 44 (96%) IBT-treated eyes (p<0.001). Choroidal vascular remodeling was detected in 20 (41%) TTT-treated and 16 (35%) IBT-treated eyes (p=0.693). Retinochoroidal anastomosis was present in 4 of the 37 (11%) TTT-treated eyes with patency of medium and large choroidal vessels, but never observed in the IBT-treated eyes, and was associated with tumor recurrence. Among IBT-treated eyes, segments of choroidal vascular wall ICG staining and choroidal aneurysmal changes were detected in 30 (65%) and 7 (15%), respectively. These changes were never detected in TTT-treated cases (p<0.0001 and p=0.015, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of tumor choroidal vascular changes following IBT and TTT differs. TTT is less effective in closing all tumor vasculature. The role of long-term choroidal vascular remodeling observed after these two treatments needs longer follow-up. PMID: 19551682 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2378716
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