A non-stoichiometric sample of spinel with composition T(Mg0.4Al0.6)M(Al1.8h0.2)O4 was investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction in situ up to about 8.7 GPa using a diamond anvil cell. The P(V) data were fitted using a third-order Birch–Murnaghan equation of state and the unit-cell volume V0, the bulk modulus KT0 and its first pressure derivative K0 were refined simultaneously providing the following coefficients: V0 = 510.34(6) A ˚ 3, KT0 = 171(2) GPa, K0 = 7.3(6). This KT0 value represents the lowest ever found for spinel crystal structures. Comparing our data with a stoichiometric and natural MgAl2O4 (pure composition) we observe a decrease in KT0 by about 11.5% and a strong increase in K0 by about 33%. These results demonstrate how an excess of Al accompanied by the formation of significant cation vacancies at octahedral site strongly affects the thermodynamic properties of spinel structure. If we consider that the estimated mantle composition is characterized by 3–5% of Al2O3 this could imply an Mg/Al substitution with possible formation of cation vacancies. The results of our study indicate that geodynamic models should take into account the potential effect of Mg/Al substitution on the incompressibility of the main mantle-forming minerals (olivine, wadsleyite, ringwoodite, Mg-perovskite). 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Effects of non-stoichiometry on the spinel structure at high pressure

NESTOLA, FABRIZIO;PARISATTO, MATTEO;SECCO, LUCIANO;
2009

Abstract

A non-stoichiometric sample of spinel with composition T(Mg0.4Al0.6)M(Al1.8h0.2)O4 was investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction in situ up to about 8.7 GPa using a diamond anvil cell. The P(V) data were fitted using a third-order Birch–Murnaghan equation of state and the unit-cell volume V0, the bulk modulus KT0 and its first pressure derivative K0 were refined simultaneously providing the following coefficients: V0 = 510.34(6) A ˚ 3, KT0 = 171(2) GPa, K0 = 7.3(6). This KT0 value represents the lowest ever found for spinel crystal structures. Comparing our data with a stoichiometric and natural MgAl2O4 (pure composition) we observe a decrease in KT0 by about 11.5% and a strong increase in K0 by about 33%. These results demonstrate how an excess of Al accompanied by the formation of significant cation vacancies at octahedral site strongly affects the thermodynamic properties of spinel structure. If we consider that the estimated mantle composition is characterized by 3–5% of Al2O3 this could imply an Mg/Al substitution with possible formation of cation vacancies. The results of our study indicate that geodynamic models should take into account the potential effect of Mg/Al substitution on the incompressibility of the main mantle-forming minerals (olivine, wadsleyite, ringwoodite, Mg-perovskite). 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2380768
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