Coagulation factor V (FV), present in plasma and platelets, is indispensable to thrombin formation, yet patients with undetectable plasma FV seldom experience major bleeding. We used thrombin generation assays to explore the role of platelet FV in 4 patients with severe congenital FV deficiency (3 with plasma FV clotting activity [FV:C] < 1%). When triggered with tissue factor (TF) concentrations up to 50pM, platelet-poor plasma (PPP) from the patients with undetectable plasma FV showed no thrombin generation, whereas platelet-rich plasma (PRP) formed thrombin already at 1 to 5pM of TF. Thrombin generation in PRP from the FV-deficient patients was enhanced to near-normal levels by platelet activators (collagen or Ca(2+)-ionophore) and could be completely suppressed by specific FV inhibitors, suggesting FV dependence. Accordingly, platelet FV antigen and activity were measurable in all FV-deficient patients and platelet FVa could be visualized by Western blotting. Normalization of the tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) level, which is physiologically low in FV-deficient plasma, almost completely abolished thrombin generation in PRP from the FV-deficient patients. In conclusion, patients with undetectable plasma FV may contain functional FV in their platelets. In combination with low TFPI level, residual platelet FV allows sufficient thrombin generation to rescue these patients from fatal bleeding.

Residual platelet factor V ensures thrombin generation in patients with severe congenital factor V deficiency and mild bleeding symptoms

SIMIONI, PAOLO;SPIEZIA, LUCA;RADU, CLAUDIA-MARIA;GAVASSO, SABRINA;SIMIONI, PAOLO
2010

Abstract

Coagulation factor V (FV), present in plasma and platelets, is indispensable to thrombin formation, yet patients with undetectable plasma FV seldom experience major bleeding. We used thrombin generation assays to explore the role of platelet FV in 4 patients with severe congenital FV deficiency (3 with plasma FV clotting activity [FV:C] < 1%). When triggered with tissue factor (TF) concentrations up to 50pM, platelet-poor plasma (PPP) from the patients with undetectable plasma FV showed no thrombin generation, whereas platelet-rich plasma (PRP) formed thrombin already at 1 to 5pM of TF. Thrombin generation in PRP from the FV-deficient patients was enhanced to near-normal levels by platelet activators (collagen or Ca(2+)-ionophore) and could be completely suppressed by specific FV inhibitors, suggesting FV dependence. Accordingly, platelet FV antigen and activity were measurable in all FV-deficient patients and platelet FVa could be visualized by Western blotting. Normalization of the tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) level, which is physiologically low in FV-deficient plasma, almost completely abolished thrombin generation in PRP from the FV-deficient patients. In conclusion, patients with undetectable plasma FV may contain functional FV in their platelets. In combination with low TFPI level, residual platelet FV allows sufficient thrombin generation to rescue these patients from fatal bleeding.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2427892
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