Certain 2-substituted 1H-pyrrolo [3,2-h] quinolines have been prepared and their biological activity in mammalian cells and in some microorganisms have been studied. These compounds represent a simplified ellipticine heterocyclic moiety: in addition they have a different ring condensation, leading to an angular molecular structure instead of a linear one. In mammalian cells all compounds appeared to be able of inducing an antiproliferative effect and an extensive DNA fragmentation, similarly to ellipticine, even if to a reduced extent. The new derivatives behaved in a comparable way also on some microorganisms, such as T2 bacteriophage (which appears to be less sensitive than mammalian cells) and in mutagenesis tests carried out with E. coli WP2 TM9 and S. typhimurium TA 98, which are reverted by base substitution and frame-shift mutagens, respectively. Similarly to the reference compound, all ellipticine analogues appeared to be no mutagenic. The obtained results suggest that they induce the antiproliferative activity in mammalian cells mainly as topoisomerase inhibitors, similarly to ellipticine itself. Therefore, they represent an interesting model to design new potential anticancer drugs.

Increased phosphorylation of myosin light chain associated with slow-to-fast transition in rat soleus

TONIOLO, LUANA;REGGIANI, CARLO
2003

Abstract

Certain 2-substituted 1H-pyrrolo [3,2-h] quinolines have been prepared and their biological activity in mammalian cells and in some microorganisms have been studied. These compounds represent a simplified ellipticine heterocyclic moiety: in addition they have a different ring condensation, leading to an angular molecular structure instead of a linear one. In mammalian cells all compounds appeared to be able of inducing an antiproliferative effect and an extensive DNA fragmentation, similarly to ellipticine, even if to a reduced extent. The new derivatives behaved in a comparable way also on some microorganisms, such as T2 bacteriophage (which appears to be less sensitive than mammalian cells) and in mutagenesis tests carried out with E. coli WP2 TM9 and S. typhimurium TA 98, which are reverted by base substitution and frame-shift mutagens, respectively. Similarly to the reference compound, all ellipticine analogues appeared to be no mutagenic. The obtained results suggest that they induce the antiproliferative activity in mammalian cells mainly as topoisomerase inhibitors, similarly to ellipticine itself. Therefore, they represent an interesting model to design new potential anticancer drugs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2428939
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