Cellular vacuoles induced by the Helicobacter pylori vacuolating cytotoxin VacA originate from late endosomal compartments. Their biogenesis requires the activity of both rab7 GTPase and the ATPase proton pump. The toxin has been suggested to cause an increased luminal osmotic pressure via its anion-specific channel activity localized on late endosomal compartments after endocytosis. Here, we show that the extensive membrane fusion that takes place in the transition from the small late endosomal compartments to the large vacuoles does not depend on soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins. The process of vacuolization leads to disappearance of the large array of internal membranes of late endosomes. We suggest that most of the vacuole-limiting membrane derives from internal membranes.

Cell vacuolization induced by Helicobacter pylori VacA cytotoxin does not depend on late endosomal SNAREs

DE BERNARD, MARINA;MOSCHIONI, MONICA;MONTECUCCO, CESARE
2002

Abstract

Cellular vacuoles induced by the Helicobacter pylori vacuolating cytotoxin VacA originate from late endosomal compartments. Their biogenesis requires the activity of both rab7 GTPase and the ATPase proton pump. The toxin has been suggested to cause an increased luminal osmotic pressure via its anion-specific channel activity localized on late endosomal compartments after endocytosis. Here, we show that the extensive membrane fusion that takes place in the transition from the small late endosomal compartments to the large vacuoles does not depend on soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins. The process of vacuolization leads to disappearance of the large array of internal membranes of late endosomes. We suggest that most of the vacuole-limiting membrane derives from internal membranes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2429076
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