OBJECTIVE:This study aims to explore the time trends in age at onset of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. METHOD:The sample was composed of 1,666 anorexia nervosa subjects and 793 bulimia nervosa subjects (according to DSM-IV criteria) without previous anorexia nervosa consecutively referred to our outpatient unit in the period between 1985 and 2008. Time trends in illness onset were analyzed according to the year of birth of subjects. RESULTS:In both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, age at onset showed a significant decrease according to year of birth. A regression model showed a significant independent effect of socioeconomic status, age at menarche, and number of siblings in predicting age at onset lower than 16 years. CONCLUSION:Age at onset of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa is decreasing in younger generations. The implications of our findings in terms of long-term outcome remain to be understood. Biologic and sociocultural factors explaining this phenomenon need to be explored in future studies.

Time Trends in Age at Onset of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa

FAVARO, ANGELA;CAREGARO NEGRIN, LORENZA;TENCONI, ELENA;BOSELLO, ROMINA;SANTONASTASO, PAOLO
2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:This study aims to explore the time trends in age at onset of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. METHOD:The sample was composed of 1,666 anorexia nervosa subjects and 793 bulimia nervosa subjects (according to DSM-IV criteria) without previous anorexia nervosa consecutively referred to our outpatient unit in the period between 1985 and 2008. Time trends in illness onset were analyzed according to the year of birth of subjects. RESULTS:In both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, age at onset showed a significant decrease according to year of birth. A regression model showed a significant independent effect of socioeconomic status, age at menarche, and number of siblings in predicting age at onset lower than 16 years. CONCLUSION:Age at onset of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa is decreasing in younger generations. The implications of our findings in terms of long-term outcome remain to be understood. Biologic and sociocultural factors explaining this phenomenon need to be explored in future studies.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2430208
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 173
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 145
social impact