Helicobacter pylori causes an acute inflammatory response followed by chronic infection of the human gastric mucosa. Identification of the bacterial molecules endowed with a pro-inflammatory activity is essential to a molecular understanding of the pathogenesis of H. pylori associated diseases. The vacuolating cytotoxin A (VacA) induces mast cells to release pro-inflammatory cytokines. Here, we show that VacA activates the mast cell line RBL-2H3 by rapidly inducing an oscillation of the level of cytosolic calcium with exocytosis of secretory granules. Cytosolic calcium derives mainly from intracellular stores. VacA also stimulates a calcium-dependent production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). These observations indicate that VacA may act as a pro-inflammatory factor of H. pylori at very early stages of the innate immune response.

The Helicobacter pylori VacA cytotoxin activates RBL-2H3 cells by inducing cytosolic calcium oscillations

DE BERNARD, MARINA;CAPPON, ANDREA;MONTECUCCO, CESARE
2005

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori causes an acute inflammatory response followed by chronic infection of the human gastric mucosa. Identification of the bacterial molecules endowed with a pro-inflammatory activity is essential to a molecular understanding of the pathogenesis of H. pylori associated diseases. The vacuolating cytotoxin A (VacA) induces mast cells to release pro-inflammatory cytokines. Here, we show that VacA activates the mast cell line RBL-2H3 by rapidly inducing an oscillation of the level of cytosolic calcium with exocytosis of secretory granules. Cytosolic calcium derives mainly from intracellular stores. VacA also stimulates a calcium-dependent production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). These observations indicate that VacA may act as a pro-inflammatory factor of H. pylori at very early stages of the innate immune response.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2431191
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