BACKGROUND: Asthmatic patients have high exhaled nitric oxide (NO) levels. NO-mediated inflammatory actions are mainly due to NO conversion into reactive nitrogen species, which can lead to nitrotyrosine formation. The aim of this study was to assess 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) levels in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) of asthmatic and healthy children and to investigate whether there is any relationship with exhaled NO (FE(NO)) and lung function. METHODS: The study included 20 asthmatic children (10 steroid-naive with intermittent asthma, 10 steroid-treated with unstable persistent asthma) and 18 healthy controls. They underwent FE(NO) measurement, EBC collection and spirometry. 3-NT was measured by a new liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method in isotopic dilution. RESULTS: The median EBC concentration of 3-NT (expressed as nitrotyrosine/tyrosine ratio x 100) in asthmatic children was fivefold higher than in healthy subjects [0.23% (0.12-0.32) vs 0.04% (0.02-0.06), P < 0.001] with no difference between steroid-naive and unstable steroid-treated asthmatic patients. FE(NO) levels were higher in asthmatic [44.6 ppb (36.0-66.0)] than in healthy children [7.5 ppb (6.0-8.8), P < 0.001]. No correlation was found among 3-NT, FE(NO) and lung function parameters. CONCLUSION: Nitrotyrosine is high in EBC of asthmatic children and could be considered as a noninvasive marker of nitrosative events in the airways.

3-Nitrotyrosine, a marker of nitrosative stress, is increased in breath condensate of allergic asthmatic children

BARALDI, EUGENIO;CARRARO, SILVIA;
2006

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Asthmatic patients have high exhaled nitric oxide (NO) levels. NO-mediated inflammatory actions are mainly due to NO conversion into reactive nitrogen species, which can lead to nitrotyrosine formation. The aim of this study was to assess 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) levels in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) of asthmatic and healthy children and to investigate whether there is any relationship with exhaled NO (FE(NO)) and lung function. METHODS: The study included 20 asthmatic children (10 steroid-naive with intermittent asthma, 10 steroid-treated with unstable persistent asthma) and 18 healthy controls. They underwent FE(NO) measurement, EBC collection and spirometry. 3-NT was measured by a new liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method in isotopic dilution. RESULTS: The median EBC concentration of 3-NT (expressed as nitrotyrosine/tyrosine ratio x 100) in asthmatic children was fivefold higher than in healthy subjects [0.23% (0.12-0.32) vs 0.04% (0.02-0.06), P < 0.001] with no difference between steroid-naive and unstable steroid-treated asthmatic patients. FE(NO) levels were higher in asthmatic [44.6 ppb (36.0-66.0)] than in healthy children [7.5 ppb (6.0-8.8), P < 0.001]. No correlation was found among 3-NT, FE(NO) and lung function parameters. CONCLUSION: Nitrotyrosine is high in EBC of asthmatic children and could be considered as a noninvasive marker of nitrosative events in the airways.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2432953
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