BACKGROUND: The C282Y mutation in the HFE gene is responsible for most cases of hereditary haemochromatosis. AIM: To investigate the allele frequency of HFE mutations and the associations between mutations and cases of iron overload or liver diseases in an open population of Central Italy. METHODS: A total of 502 individuals over 8 years of age, comprising 203 males and 299 females, who were residents in Arsita (a small town in Central Italy), were assayed for: C282Y, H63D and S65C mutations of the HFE gene by TaqMan probes; body mass index, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation, transaminases, GGT, glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, HBV and HCV serum markers. Information was obtained on alcohol intake. Liver ultrasound was performed in 334 (67%) subjects. RESULTS: The allele frequencies for C282Y, H63D and S65C were 2%, 15%, and 0.01%, respectively. C282Y/wt was found in 19 subjects (4%), H63D/wt in 127 (25%), H63D/H63D in 11 (2%) and S65C/wt in one (2.0 per thousand). No homozygosity for C282Y or compound mutation (C282Y/H63D) was found in the study population, but 27 subjects (5%) had TfSat >45% (including 10 subjects with high serum ferritin). Overall, 49 subjects (9.8%) were HCV-RNA-positive. Logistic regression analysis indicated that male gender (P = 0.000) and hepatic steatosis (P = 0.017) were independent variables correlating to a high serum ferritin. CONCLUSION: C282Y HFE mutation is less frequent in Central Italy than in Northern Italy.

An open population screening study for HFE gene major mutations proves the low prevalence of C282Y mutation in Central Italy

FLOREANI, ANNAROSA;ROSA RIZZOTTO, ERIK;BALDO, VINCENZO;
2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The C282Y mutation in the HFE gene is responsible for most cases of hereditary haemochromatosis. AIM: To investigate the allele frequency of HFE mutations and the associations between mutations and cases of iron overload or liver diseases in an open population of Central Italy. METHODS: A total of 502 individuals over 8 years of age, comprising 203 males and 299 females, who were residents in Arsita (a small town in Central Italy), were assayed for: C282Y, H63D and S65C mutations of the HFE gene by TaqMan probes; body mass index, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation, transaminases, GGT, glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, HBV and HCV serum markers. Information was obtained on alcohol intake. Liver ultrasound was performed in 334 (67%) subjects. RESULTS: The allele frequencies for C282Y, H63D and S65C were 2%, 15%, and 0.01%, respectively. C282Y/wt was found in 19 subjects (4%), H63D/wt in 127 (25%), H63D/H63D in 11 (2%) and S65C/wt in one (2.0 per thousand). No homozygosity for C282Y or compound mutation (C282Y/H63D) was found in the study population, but 27 subjects (5%) had TfSat >45% (including 10 subjects with high serum ferritin). Overall, 49 subjects (9.8%) were HCV-RNA-positive. Logistic regression analysis indicated that male gender (P = 0.000) and hepatic steatosis (P = 0.017) were independent variables correlating to a high serum ferritin. CONCLUSION: C282Y HFE mutation is less frequent in Central Italy than in Northern Italy.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2433327
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact