Attention alterations are reported in cirrhotics. Aiming at clarifying attention functioning in cirrhotics, an inquiry on the functioning of the anterior (AAS) and the posterior (PAS) attention system was performed. Thirty-six cirrhotics without overt hepatic encephalopathy (24 with EEG or TMT-A alterations) and 16 matched control subjects were enrolled. The AAS was studied by the Stroop task measuring selective attention control, the PAS was studied by the Posner task and the Focus task measuring automatic covert orienting and visual focusing of attention respectively. Cirrhotics presented a task-dependent psychomotor slowing (Stroop > Posner > Focus) with an increased percentage of errors in the incongruent condition of the Stroop task [F(1, 57) = 4.9,p < 0.03]. Class C patients had both a selective slowing [F(1, 33) = 4.3, p < 0.05] and an increased percentage of errors in the incongruent condition [F(1, 34) = 5.1, p < 0.05] compared to Class A–B patients and controls. The patients with an altered EEG performed the Stroop test significantly slowly than those without EEG alterations [F(1, 41) = 8.9, p < 0.01] and with a clear trend for a higher number of errors in the incongruent condition [F(1, 39) = 3.8, p < 0.06]. In contrast, attention orienting and focusing were maintained. In conclusion, the AAS is more sensitive than the PAS to the early stages of hepatic encephalopathy.

Attention dysfunction in cirrhotic patients: an inquiry on the role of executive control, attention orienting and focusing

AMODIO, PIERO;SCHIFF, SAMI;DEL PICCOLO, FRANCO;MAPELLI, DANIELA;GATTA, ANGELO;UMILTA', CARLO ARRIGO
2005

Abstract

Attention alterations are reported in cirrhotics. Aiming at clarifying attention functioning in cirrhotics, an inquiry on the functioning of the anterior (AAS) and the posterior (PAS) attention system was performed. Thirty-six cirrhotics without overt hepatic encephalopathy (24 with EEG or TMT-A alterations) and 16 matched control subjects were enrolled. The AAS was studied by the Stroop task measuring selective attention control, the PAS was studied by the Posner task and the Focus task measuring automatic covert orienting and visual focusing of attention respectively. Cirrhotics presented a task-dependent psychomotor slowing (Stroop > Posner > Focus) with an increased percentage of errors in the incongruent condition of the Stroop task [F(1, 57) = 4.9,p < 0.03]. Class C patients had both a selective slowing [F(1, 33) = 4.3, p < 0.05] and an increased percentage of errors in the incongruent condition [F(1, 34) = 5.1, p < 0.05] compared to Class A–B patients and controls. The patients with an altered EEG performed the Stroop test significantly slowly than those without EEG alterations [F(1, 41) = 8.9, p < 0.01] and with a clear trend for a higher number of errors in the incongruent condition [F(1, 39) = 3.8, p < 0.06]. In contrast, attention orienting and focusing were maintained. In conclusion, the AAS is more sensitive than the PAS to the early stages of hepatic encephalopathy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2435174
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